Ten Ways to Avoid the Hellfire

  Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymīyyah

In response to the allegations that ʿUthmān, radī Allāhu ʿʿʿanhu, was incompetent to be a Khalīfah, Shaykh al-Islām brings ten different means by which the Hellfire may be averted.


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  Committing a sin then repenting from it often brings about an increase in fear, reverence, and humility for Allāh, which may not have previously occurred. This is why some of the salaf used to say; a person may commit a sin because of which he enters Jannah, and a person may do a good deed by which he enters the hellfire. He commits a sin which constantly weighs heavily on his conscious, thus whenever he remembers it he repents to Allāh and makes duʿāʾʾʾ to Him and as a consequence He (Allāh) enters him into Jannah. Whereas the other does a good deed and becomes haughty because of it so he enters the hellfire.
Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymīyyah 

In response to Ibn al-Muttahir's1  false accusations and blatant lies regarding Uthmān ibn 'Affan, raḍī Allāhu ʿʿʿanhu, alleged incompetency as the Khalifah of the Muslims. Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymīyyah stated the following ten ways by which a Muslim avoids the punishment of the Hellfire.

"Thus we do not say that none of them ever committed a sin (i.e. the Ṣaḥābahh), rather we believe that those amongst them who committed sins, Allāh will not punish them in the hereafter, nor will He enter them into the Hellfire. In fact, they will enter into Jannah without a doubt, and they will be saved from the punishment of the hereafter either because of their repentance, their many good deeds, by an affliction that befell them, or because of other reasons which we clarified in other places. For indeed every sin that a believer commits is a reason for him being punished; however, this punishment in the hereafter can be averted by ten different means ..."
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1 He was a Shiite scholar who was a contemporary of Shaykh al-Islām, and he was commonly known amongst the Shīʿah as ‘al-ʿAllāmah’! He was born in Iraq in 648 and died 726 Hijrī. This is just an excerpt from a four volume refutation by Ibn Taymīyyah in response to a book that was written by Ibn al-Muttahir inviting the King Khudabandah to convert to Shīʿism.    

Translation by Hisham Assing

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Tags: Ibn Taymīyyah, Tawbah, Hereafter, Hell

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