Author: Omar Abdelkader

Uṣūl al-Sunnah

If one were to travel to China in search of it [i.e. this treatise] the journey would be considered insignificant. Abū Yaʿlá al-Ḥanbalī   I heard Abū ʿAbdillāh Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal saying: The fundamental principles of the Sunnah with us are: Holding fast to what the companions of the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) were upon. Taking them [and their way] as a model to be followed. The abandonment of innovations, and every innovation is misguidance. The abandonment of controversies. The abandonment of sitting with the people of Ahwāʾ (desires). And the abandonment of quarreling, argumentation and controversy...

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The Importance of Purity of the Heart

Al-Ḥāfiẓ Ibn Rajab [d. 795 AH] said: The saying of the Prophet [ﷺ]: ‘Truly there exists within the body a morsel of flesh; if it is healthy and pure the entire body follows it in health. If it is corrupt, then the entire body follows in corruption. Verily, [this morsel of flesh] is the heart.’ The [ḥadīth] proves that the righteousness of a slave’s physical actions, and his refraining from ḥarām and his avoidance of unclear matters all correlate directly with the purity of the actions of his heart.   So if his heart is pure, containing nought but the love of Allāh and love for that which is...

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Positive Thinking and Its Alignment with Continuous Obedience

From among [the rebellious continuous sinners] are those who put their trust in his [the Prophet’s (ﷺ)] saying in his narration from his Lord: ‘I am congruent with the positive thinking of my slave, so let him think of me what he wills.’ [They take this] to mean truly I will only execute whatever is in the mind of [the slave]. There can be no doubt that positive thinking [in Allāh] is borne only out of the execution of good actions. For the one who busies himself with good, thinks positively with regards to receiving reward from Allāh in return for the goodness he put forward. [He knows that]...

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The Attitude of the Believer Towards Loneliness from Staying Firm upon the Straight Path

Imām Ibn Al-Qayyim (d. 751 AH) said: “The seeker of the straight path should realise that he seeks a way most of mankind has deviated from. He possesses a desire for a path upon which his close compatriots have the utmost power. [Let him know] that our souls have a natural inclination towards feelings of loneliness from separation and derive comfort from companionship. [Remind him that] Allāh has informed him of his compatriots on this [straight] path. Truly, [Allāh says] they are: الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ ۚ وَحَسُنَ...

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Concerning the Infallibility of the Prophets and Messengers of Allāh

The infallibility of the Messengers [of Allāh] [may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon all of them] is a subject that contains that which is wholly agreed upon [by the scholars], both at the inception of the discussion and at its culmination. This issue also pertains to that which there is difference of opinion [among the scholars], although this [difference] exists only at the beginning of the discussion, rather than at its end. This is made clear [in two points]: The consensus of the scholars is that the Messengers [of Allāh] have attained perfection with regards to what they have related...

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The Meaning of al-Raḥmān in Sūrah al-Fātiḥah

Imām Ibn al-Qayyim (d. 751 AH) said: “The name [of Allāh] al-Raḥmān (the Most Merciful) [confirms prophethood as it comes in Sūrah al-Fātiḥah]. For verily, His mercy precludes that His servants be left purposeless, or that they should be unaware of that which would allow their true fulfilment. So, whoever gives the name al-Raḥmān its full appreciation knows that it delineates the raising of the Messengers, and the sending of the Books. This delineation is greater even than applying [the name of al-Raḥmān] to the sending down of productive rain, the growing of crops, or the bursting of seeds....

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The Explanation of Allāh’s Name in Sūrah al-Fātiḥah

Imām Ibn al-Qayyim [d. 751 AH] said: “The name ‘Allāh’ delineates the meaning of all of His magnificent names and guides to them in a general sense. For the magnificent names of Allāh elaborate and clarify the attributes of the true God. These attributes themselves are derived from the name ‘Allāh’ which refers to His godliness and to Him being worshipped in truth as creation of all types turn to Him in worship. Their worship is borne from their love for Him and for the purpose of commemorating His greatness and enhancing it. They humbly submit themselves to Him and turn to Him in fear for their...

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The True Meaning of Guidance in Sūrah al-Fātiḥah: Guidance on the Day of Judgement

Imām Ibn al-Qayyim (d. 751 AH) said: “The guidance [being invoked in Sūrah al-Fātiḥah] has another level, which is its final level. This is the guidance on the Day of Judgement to the path of Jannah. For there is a path [ṣirāṭ] that reaches Jannah. Whomsoever is guided in this worldly life to the straight path of Allāh as espoused by His Messengers and His Books, will be guided [in the hereafter] to the straight path that leads to His Jannah—the place of His reward. Imām Ibn al-Qayyim It is the degree of stability that the slaves [of Allāh] have on the path that has been set forth for them in...

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The True Meaning of Guidance in Sūrah al-Fātiḥah: Guidance of Knowledge and Righteous Deeds

Concerning the āyah in Sūrah al-Fātiḥah: اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ ‎﴿٦﴾‏ Guide us to the straight path (of beneficial knowledge coupled with righteous action). [al-Fātiḥah, 1:6] Al-Imām Ibn al-Qayyim (d. 751 AH) commented : “It refers to two individual forms of guidance, true success cannot occur without them both. The first is to gain both general and detailed knowledge of the truth we were formerly ignorant of in order to allow that truth to inspire us and make us want to follow it, inwardly and outwardly. The second form of guidance is the creation of the willpower required to act...

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The Parable of the Mushrik and the Muwaḥḥid

Al-Imām Ibn Al-Qayyim said: “Allāh the Most High said: ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا رَّجُلًا فِيهِ شُرَكَاءُ مُتَشَاكِسُونَ وَرَجُلًا سَلَمًا لِّرَجُلٍ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا ۚ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ۚ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ ‎﴿٢٩﴾ ‘Allāh presents an example: a slave owned by quarrelling partners and another belonging exclusively to one man – are they equal in comparison? Praise be to Allāh! But most of them do not know.’ [al-Zumar, 39:29] This is a parable that Allāh has presented for the mushrik and the muwaḥḥid. As for the mushrik, it is as if he is a slave owned by a group [of...

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Evil Can Never be Attributed to Allāh

Imām Ibn al-Qayyim (d. 721 AH) said:1 “In his [the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)]’s invocation: ‘I answer your call with happiness, and goodness in its entirety belongs to You alone, and evil is not befitting of You.’ Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ Turn not to the tafsīr of those who say its meaning is: one does not seek to come closer to You with evil, or that evil is not raised unto You. Verily, the meaning [of this invocation] is more magnificent, greater, and of superior impact than that. For [Allāh] is the One whose names are all good, His attributes are all perfect, His...

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Who Are the Salaf?

The Salaf are the Companions and their followers. Allāh, the Most High, has said: رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلِإِخْوَانِنَا الَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِالْإِيمَانِ ﴿١٠﴾‏ “Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who have preceded us in īmān.” [al-Ḥashr, 59:10] When Allāh mentioned the Muhājirīn (from Makkah, the earliest companions) and the Anṣār (who hosted them in Madīnah) in Sūrah al-Ḥashr, He said: وَالَّذِينَ جَاءُوا مِن بَعْدِهِمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلِإِخْوَانِنَا الَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِالْإِيمَانِ ‎﴿١٠﴾‏ “…And those who come after them, those who say: ‘Our...

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The Origin of Jahannam’s Extreme Temperatures

Every believer is aware of the existence of Jannah and Jahannam, for there are numerous verses and countless authentic reports that mention their existence. Allāh said: وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ ۖ “Those who believe and do righteous deeds are Jannah’s inhabitants.” [al-Baqarah, 2:82] He also said: وَلِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِرَبِّهِمْ عَذَابُ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ “Those who disbelieve in their Lord will face Jahannam’s punishment.” [al-Mulk, 67:6] Similarly, most believers are aware of Jahannam’s raging fire which was prepared for the transgressors. Allāh...

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A Brief Analysis of Some Aḥadīth Reported about Winter

The books of Aḥadīth are filled with reports about winter, and in this article, we will attempt to briefly analyse some of these reports, especially those that may be inaccessible to the Non-Arab community. Our analysis will focus primarily on: Analysing and investigating the authenticity of these reports. Analysing and investigating their meaning, even though most of them are extremely clear, then deriving some short benefits. As for the investigation into these reports’ authenticity, then you will deduce upon this article’s conclusion that not all of these reports are authentic; rather,...

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The Ruling on Following Madhāhib (Schools of Thought)

Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah was asked:1 What is the saying of the leading scholars and Imams of the religion—may Allāh be pleased with them—concerning a man who was asked: “What is your madh`hab?” The man replied stating: “Muḥammadī (i.e., I am a follower of the Prophet Muḥammad (may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him)). I follow the Book of Allāh and the Sunnah of His Messenger (may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him).” It was then said to him: “Every believer should follow a madh`hab, for whomsoever does not ascribe himself to a madh`hab, then he is a devil.” The man...

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A Profound Word Concerning the Types and General Rules of Boycotting

Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) – raḥimahullaah – was asked,1 “Who is it obligatory to hate, or to boycott, or are both of these actions done for Allāh the Exalted? And what is stipulated from conditions upon the one who is hating or boycotting for the sake of Allāh the Exalted? And does the abandonment of greetings (salaam) enter into the boycotting, or not? And if the one being boycotted greets the boycotter, is it obligatory upon him to respond? And does the hatred and boycotting for the sake of Allāh the Exalted continue until it is determined that the attribute due to which he is...

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Tawfīq Is from Allāh Alone

Allāh said: وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ فِيكُمْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ۚ لَوْ يُطِيعُكُمْ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِّنَ الْأَمْرِ لَعَنِتُّمْ وَلَٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ حَبَّبَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْإِيمَانَ وَزَيَّنَهُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ وَكَرَّهَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكُفْرَ وَالْفُسُوقَ وَالْعِصْيَانَ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الرَّاشِدُونَ ‎﴿٧﴾‏ “And know that among you is the Messenger of Allāh. If he were to obey you in much of the matter, you would be in difficulty, but Allāh has endeared to you the faith and has made it pleasing in your hearts and has made hateful to you disbelief, defiance, and disobedience. Those are the [rightly] guided.”[al-Hujurāt,...

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The Danger of Obsession with Worldly Pleasure and Desires

Imām Ibn al-Qayyim (d. 751 AH) said: “Allāh has not allowed man to [ultimately] possess two different hearts within himself. He shall find that whatever wants, desires and beloved things enter his heart, a similar opposing want, desire or beloved thing will entice it. [It is as if] he is a single vessel in the company of a multitude of drinks. So whichever drink he allows to fill his vessel, he will find that he now lacks space to accommodate anything else. His vessel shall only be filled if empty and with what he holds to be the most bounteous of drinks. For if his vessel is already filled...

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The Condition of the Believer When Afflicted with Hardship

Imām ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Nāṣir al-Saʿdī (d. 1376 AH) said: “[The difference between an individual with īmān and a person who is lacking it] is actualised through experience. If you were to contemplate and analyse the conditions of mankind, you would see a great difference between the example set by the muʾmin who acts in light of his īmān and a person who lacks [īmān]. This dīn encourages, to the highest degree, true satisfaction with the varieties of provision, bounties, and graciousness granted by Allāh. So when tested with sickness, poverty, or some other [hardship] that can afflict any individual,...

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The Dire Need of Mankind for this Dīn

Al-Imām Ibn al-Qayyim (d. 751 AH) said: “Mankind’s need for the Sharīʿah far surpasses their need to breathe, much less their need for food and drink. This is because the greatest detriment that could befall them from leaving those things [food and drink] is their physical death and thus the casting out of their souls. Whereas, were they to lose their connection to the sharīʿah, it would stipulate corruption of their very hearts and souls, and [thus] eternal ruin. Their physical death greatly differs [from this type of ruin]. For mankind has no greater need than to know what the Messenger (ﷺ)...

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Things that Nullify One’s Islām

Know that the things that nullify one’s Islām (nawāqiḍ) are ten things: The first: shirk in one’s worship of Allāh. Allāh the Most High has said: إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۚ ‎﴿١١٦﴾‏ Verily Allāh does not forgive that partners be ascribed to Him, while He forgives what is less than that for whomever He wants. [al-Nisāʾ, 4:116] And He, the Most High, has said:  إِنَّهُ مَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَأْوَاهُ النَّارُ ۖ وَمَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ مِنْ أَنصَارٍ ‎﴿٧٢﴾ Verily whoever ascribes...

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The Three Fundamental Principles

Al-Imām Muḥammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhāb (رحمه الله) said: “Know, may Allāh have mercy upon you, that seeking knowledge is obligatory, and is a cure for the hearts that are afflicted with sickness. And from the most important affairs incumbent upon you is knowledge of your Religion. This knowledge, and action upon it, is the cause for entry into Paradise whilst being ignorant of it and wasting it away is the cause of entry into the Fire. We seek refuge with Allāh for ourselves and for the Muslims from that.”1 The Four Affairs Know, may Allāh have mercy upon you, that it is obligatory upon us to learn...

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The Aftermath – What Was the Goal of the Now Failed Ṣaʿāfiqah Movement?

The noble teacher, Ustādh Abū Ḥakīm Bilāl Davis, answers the following important question: “Over the past few years, a group of youth in the West have sought to split the ranks of Ahl al-Sunnah, physically and digitally. They refer to the Salafis as Saʿāfaqah. When you were last here, you explained what this term is but what was the goal/objective of this plot which has now failed completely?” An important exposé that every Salafī should study attentively. Key points: What was the intended goal of the now failed Saʿāfiqah movement?Which Salafī scholars and callers was Muḥammad bin...

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