Following the Truth above All Else

  Abū Uthmān Muḥammad al-'Anjarī

An excellent and comprehensive lecture given by our beloved Shaykh, Muḥammad al-'Anjarī (hafiẓahullāh) regarding the importance of following the truth above all else, and the necessity of equipping oneself with knowledge in order to prevent from falling into error and misguidance.


Listen/Download Pt. 1 | 81 mins.


Listen/Download Pt. 2 | 60 mins.

basmala

The Messenger of Allāh (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) advised his Companions (radhiyAllāhu ʿʿʿanhum ajma'īn), saying:

"I have left you upon clear proof, its night is like its day, no one deviates from it except that he is destroyed, and whoever amongst you lives for long will see great controversy. So stick to what you know from my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Orthodox, Rightly-guided Caliphs, cling to that with your molar teeth."1
He (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) also said, 
"I am leaving you two things and you will never go astray as long as you cling to them -- they are the Book of Allāh and my Sunnah."2


These ahādīth are a proof that our noble Messenger (ʿalayhi al-sʿalátu wa al-salām) left his Ummah upon pure clarity, about which there is no doubt. So at this stage one may ask 'Do you not see the situation that we are in today? There is lack of clarity and the way is not known by many!' 
 
The answer to this is that the Messenger of Allāh (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) not only left us upon clarity, he also sternly warned us and made very clear that some evil would appear, about which there is no doubt.
So he said regarding Allāh's (subhānahu wa taʿāla) statement in the Qurʾān,

هُوَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَنزَلَ عَلَيۡكَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ مِنۡهُ ءَايَـٰتٌ۬ مُّحۡكَمَـٰتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَـٰبِهَـٰتٌ۬‌ۖ فَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ فِى قُلُوبِهِمۡ زَيۡغٌ۬ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَـٰبَهَ مِنۡهُ ٱبۡتِغَآءَ ٱلۡفِتۡنَةِ وَٱبۡتِغَآءَ تَأۡوِيلِهِۦ‌ۗ وَمَا يَعۡلَمُ تَأۡوِيلَهُ ۥۤ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ‌ۗ وَٱلرَّٲسِخُونَ فِى ٱلۡعِلۡمِ يَقُولُونَ ءَامَنَّا بِهِۦ كُلٌّ۬ مِّنۡ عِندِ رَبِّنَا‌ۗ وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّآ أُوْلُواْ ٱلۡأَلۡبَـٰبِ
'It is He Who has sent down to you (Muḥammad) the Book (this Qurʾān). In it are Verses that are entirely clear, and others not entirely clear. So as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation (from the truth) they follow that which is not entirely clear thereof, seeking Al-Fitnah (polytheism and trials), and seeking for its hidden meanings, but none knows its hidden meanings save Allāh. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in it; the whole of it (clear and unclear Verses) are from our Lord." And none receive admonition except men of understanding.'
 [Sūrah al-ʿImrān: 7]
 
So clearly some events took place at the time of Rasūlullāh (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) as a pre-decree from Allāh and also as a lesson for the people of understanding to hold fast to the Sunnah of Rasūlullāh (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam).
 
It is reported by Abū Sa'īd al Khudrī (radhiyAllāhu ʿʿʿanhu),

'One day the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) was distributing wealth amongst the Muslims, and a man by the name of ʿAbdullāh ibn Dhil Khuwaysira al-Tamīmī came and said 'Be just, O Allāh's Apostle!' The Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said, 'Woe to you! Who would be just if I were not?' ʿUmar ibn al Khattāb said, 'Allow me to cut off his neck!' The Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said, 'Leave him, for he has companions, and if you compare your prayers with their prayers and your fasting with theirs, you will down upon your prayers and fasting, in comparison to theirs. Yet they will go out of the religion as an arrow darts through the game's body, in which case, if the Qudhadh of the arrow is examined, nothing will be found on it, and when its Nasl is examined, nothing will be found on it; and then its Nadiyi is examined, nothing will be found on it. The arrow has been too fast to be smeared by dung and blood. The sign by which these people will be recognised will be a man whose one hand (or breast) will be like the breast of a woman (or like a moving piece of flesh). These people will appear when there will be differences among the people (Muslims)'. Abū Sa'īd added: 'I testify that I heard this from the Prophet, and also testify that 'Alī killed those people while I was with him. The man with the description given by the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) was brought to 'Alī. The following verses were revealed in connection with that very person (i.e. ʿAbdullāh ibn Dhil Khawaisira al-Tamīmī): 'And among them are men who accuse you (O Muḥammad) in the matter of the distribution of the alms.'3 4


So therefore, we see that there were some people during the time of the Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) that opposed him in his lifetime, and the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) pointed out to his companions the danger of these people.

O my brothers! It is a must that this matter is highlighted and clarified, as it is something which may cause a person to leave the correct way through sitting with and accompanying the people of misguidance and innovation, and having various dealings with them; this is an issue which is extremely important. The Messenger of Allāh warned us concerning these people, and as mentioned earlier, Allāh (subhānahu wa taʿāla) mentioned concerning these people in Sūrah al-ʿImrān that they have a sickness, a deviation in their hearts and they are those who follow the unclear verses in the Qurʾān. So the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) openly declared that Allāh had blamed these people, warning us against their doubts and their mistakes, so take heed.

Indeed for the people who follow the shubūhāt and the shahawāt, speech flows like honey from their tongues, and it is light upon the ears. They dazzle the people with their sweet speech. So rather than going to those lectures which appear less inviting to people that are new to the religion, the people are beguiled into thinking that the lectures and sittings of the innovators are good for them because the people will accept their honey coated speech. All praise is for Allāh, the Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) warned us about these people when he said,
'That which I fear most for my Ummah is every well spoken hypocrite.'5

The Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) informed us of this, and indeed he spoke the truth!
Uqba’ ibn Amīr al-Juhanī said, “I heard the Messenger of Allāh (sallʿaláhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) say, 
“The destruction of my Ummah will be in the Book and the Milk.” It was asked, “What is the Book and Milk?” He answered, “That they learn the Qurʾān but interpret it by other than how Allāh revealed it and they love al-Laban (milk), leaving the congregation, the Jamu’āh and yeb’dūna.”6
 
The destruction that he (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) spoke about with regards to the Book, is that they will learn the Qurʾān and they will interpret it in a manner other than the way it should be interpreted in; and the destruction he spoke about with regards to the milk, is that they will leave the majority of the congregational prayers due to being occupied with worldy affairs. 
 
We are upon clarity! And the Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) warned us that there would come a people who would seek to divert the people from the correct true path, by saying that the way is not clear. This is falsehood, rather the religion is complete and Allāh has perfected for us our religion, sending for us a noble Messenger and seal of the Prophets and clarifying for us the true clear way, its night like its day. However without a shadow of a doubt, the shubuhāt and the shahawāt will remain. 
 
The Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) informed his Ummah in a ḥadīth qudsī that He would not allow this Ummah to be destroyed by an outside enemy.
 
It is reported by Thaubān that 'Allāh's Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said:
 
'Allāh drew the ends of the world near one another for my sake, and I have seen its Eastern and Western ends and the dominion of my Ummah would reach those ends which have been drawn near me; and I have been granted the red and the white treasure, and I begged my Lord for my Ummah that it should not be destroyed because of famine, nor be dominated by an enemy who is not from amongst them to take their lives and destroy them root and branch. My Lord said, 'Muḥammad, whenever I make a decision, there is none to change it. I grant you for your Ummah that it would be destroyed by famine and it would not be dominated by an enemy who would be from amongst it and would take their lives and destroy them root and branch, even if all of the people from the different parts of the world join hands together (for this purpose), but it would be from amongst them, your Ummah, that some people will kill or imprison others.''7
 
What is referred to by Muslims taking each other as prisoners, is the widespread takfīr that will take place. For that reason, if we look today at the issue of takfīr, you will find that it is common practice and prevalent amongst all of the Jamā'āt today and is becoming more and more widespread. Is not the call to the people claiming that the Muslim Ummah is in a state of Jāhilīyyah not a call to takfīr?! This kind of speech is common in the likes of ʿAbd al Rahmān ʿAbd al Khāliq, who not only calls to the takfīr of the Muslim rulers, but also makes mass takfīr upon the Muslims!
 
The Messenger of Allāh left us upon clarity, and that clarity lies within holding fast to the Sunnah of the Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) and his Companions, and the Manhaj of the Salaf.

Endnotes: 
1[Reported by Aḥmad (4/126), Ibn Mājah (no.43), al-Ḥākim (1/96) and others by way of Abdur-Rahmān ibn Amr as-Sulāmī and the ḥadīth is Ḥasan]
2[Reported by Al-Hākim - Ṣaḥīḥ]
3[Sūrat al-Tawbah: 58]
4[Sahīh al Bukhārī No. 6494]
5[Ibn Abī-al Dunya narrated this ḥadīth in his essay 'Al-Ghībah wa al Namīmah' (Backbiting and Malicious Gossip, p.15) in which he narrated it from ʿUmar ibn al Khattāb; also in Aḥmad in al Musnad]
6[Shaykh Ṣāliḥ commented upon this ḥadīth in as-Saḥīhah: “Meaning they would go out to the deserts places to seek milk in the pastureland.” (p. 650 ḥadīth no: 2778). Imam al-Lālikāī’s, Sharḥ I'tiqad Ahlns-Sunnah wal-Jama'ah (2/1233 no.2315). Refer to http://dusunnah.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/A-Knowledge-is-not-Taken-from-an-Innovator.pdf
7[Sahīh Muslim, No. 6904]

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