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Benefit: The Permissibility of Backbiting When Requesting a Verdict

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

On the authority of ʿĀʾishah (raḍi Allāhu ʿanhā): Hind bint ʿUtbah said: "O Messenger of Allāh! Verily, Abū Sufyān is a stingy man who does not provide sufficient provisions for me and my child, except when I take from him without his knowledge.’" He (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) replied: "Take [from his property] that which is sufficient for you and your child" [Bukhārī and Muslim].

Al-Ḥāfidh ibn Ḥajr mentions: “This narration is proof that it is permissible to mention a person with qualities that he is not fond of in certain situations, such as attaining a fatwá or filing a complaint and the likes of this. This is one of the times where backbiting is permissible” [Fatḥ al-Bārī: 9/509].

Shaykh Rabīʿ ibn Hādī al-Madkhalī: “The Messenger of Allāh (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) did not rebuke Ḥind bint ʿUtbah for mentioning Abū Sufyān’s deficiency. Likewise, he (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) did not compel her to mention his good, although Abū Sufyān possessed much good.”

Source: Manhaj Ahl al-Sunnah wa-al-Jamāʿah li Shaykh Rabīʿ al-Madkhalī pg. 30-31.
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Tags: Fatāwá, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalānī, Rabīʿ ibn Hādī

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