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Al-Fawzān - troid.org | Islamic Articles and Audio

A Clarification of Doubts Regarding Innovation

  Shaykh Ṣāliḥ ibn Fawzān al-Fawzān

A much needed explanation of the foundations of innovation in the Religion. It starts with the linguistic meaning of ‘bidʿah’ and ends with a lengthy warning against the age old plot of Ahl al-Bidʿah: bidʿah ḥasanah (good innovation). The article also includes elucidative notes from Ibn Rajab, Ibn Hajar and others.

A Refutation of the Issues of Abū al-Ḥasan al-Maʿribī

  Shaykh ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-ʿAbbād, Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-FawzānShaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Luhaydān

A collection of statements and fatāwá from the scholars such as al-ʿAllāmah ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-ʿAbbād, al-ʿAllāmah Ṣāliḥ ibn Fawzān al-Fawzān and al-ʿAllāmah Ṣāliḥ al-Luhaydān. The essay establishes that the aforementioned Scholars openly oppose the ʿArʿūrī principles of Abū al-Fitan (al-Mubtadiʿ) al-Maʿribī, such as calling the Companions 'ghuthāʾiyyah' (scum), the principle 'we correct, but we do not destroy the individual', referring to following of the Scholars as taqlīd, al-mujmal wa-al-mufaṣṣāl (referring the general back to the specific) and much more...

Benefit: All of You

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Allāh, the Most High, says: «Man is certainly in loss!»1

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ b. al-Fawzān, may Allāh preserve him, comments:2

 “al-Insān” refers to all of Ādam’s descendents. He did not exclude anyone: not the kings nor the leaders, not the affluent nor the destitute, not the free nor the slaves, not the males nor the females. The “al” in “al-Insān” is all-inclusive: so, all the descendents of Ādam are in loss and destruction should they dissipate this precious time and utilize it in disobedience to Allāh..1
 
1) Sūrah al-ʿAṣr (103):2.
2) Al-Fawzān, Sharḥ al-Uṣūl al-Thalāthah.

Benefit: Are You Any of These Individuals?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ ibn Fawzān al-Fawzān (حفظه الله) said: Only one of these individuals will discredit the scholars who are upon the truth:
[1] Someone who is a known hypocrite
[2] A sinner who is upset with the scholars because they prevented him from sinning
[3] A misguided ḥizbī who hates the scholars because they rejected his ḥizbīyyah and his misguided ideology

Source: al-Ajwibah al-Mufīdah, pg. 51.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Be Patient in the Face of Harm

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Ṣaliḥ ibn al-Fawzān, may Allāh preserve him, said:

 

Whoever invites to Allāh.. ought to remain patient in the face of harm and continue his call. His example in this regard is the Messengers, the seal and best of whom is Muḥammad, may Allāh raise his rank and grant him peace.

The (disbelievers) called him a sorcerer, a liar, and a madman. When he invited them to Allāh, the Mighty and Majestic, they cast stones at him till his heels bled.

When he was prostrating at the Kaʿbah, they placed the abdominal contents of a she-camel over his back. They threatened to kill him, and in the Battle of Uḥud...they broke his incisors, wounded his head, and he fell into a hole – and he was the Prophet of Allāh. However, with patience he bore (these injuries), and he was the finest of creation, may Allāh raise his rank and grant him peace.1

(1) Al-Fawzān, Sharḥ al-Uṣūl ath-Thalāthah.

Benefit: Conditions of Ḥajj

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

 [Q]: What conditions make Ḥajj obligatory on a person?

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ ibn Fawzān al-Fawzān: Islām, reaching the age of maturity, possessing the provisions and the transportation to go and return from Ḥajj. It is an obligation on such a person to perform Ḥajj once in his lifetime.

Source: Shurūt al-Ḥajj
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Constantly and Continuously Connect with the Scholars

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

  [Q]: Who do we take knowledge and fatāwá from? What are the qualities of the people of knowledge and al-Iftāʾ(i.e. Those who are able to give verdicts)?

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Fawzān: Knowledge is taken from the scholars, either in the mosques if they are in the mosques, or in an organised curriculum in the schools, institutes or colleges. Knowledge is taken from the scholars; it is not taken from the ignorant nor from papers or broadly looking into books. This is not [the way to] seek knowledge, because perhaps it may bring about other than that which was intended or perhaps you may understand wrongly. You might read from a book which comprises of doubts and evils, and this will contaminate your way of thinking.

So upon you is to constantly and continuously connect with the scholars in the mosques, schools and conferences of knowledge. Likewise, those whom verdicts are taken from are known amongst the people. The general verdicts are directed to The Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Fatāwá. As for personal verdicts, they are taken from the one in whom you have confidence in his knowledge and religion.

Source: Who Do We Take Knowledge From, Dr. Salih ibn Fawzān al-Fawzān?
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: How Much Do You Love Allāh and His Messenger (ﷺ)?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Rabīʿ ibn Hādī al-Madkhalī (حفظه الله) stated: “Your love for Allāh and His Messenger (ﷺ) must supercede your love for everything else, and only the true believer who adheres to the Book and the Sunnah will accomplish this.”

حب الله و حب رسوله مقدم على كل شيء وفوق كل شيء وهذا لا يتأتى من أهل الأهواء,لا يتأتى إلا من المؤمنين الصادقين المعتصمين بحبل الله وسنة رسوله عليه الصلاة والسلام

Source: الحب في الله والاعتصام بحبله
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Importance of Choosing Companions Wisely

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: Can you explain to us the Ḥadīth of the Messenger of Allāh (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam): the person is upon the religion of his companion.

Answer: The ḥadīth is clear, that one’s companions leave behind an affect on him, so it is upon the Muslim to choose an upright friend who—through his companionship—will benefit him, make him stronger in his religion and (aid him in) avoiding bad companionship. The Messenger of Allāh (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said:

The example of the good and evil companions is like a bearer of musk and a person blowing a pair of bellows. As for the musk bearer, he either gives you some, or you buy from him, or at least you get a pleasant smell from him. As for the blacksmith, he either gets your clothes burnt or you get an unpleasant smell from him.[Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukharī, Ḥadīth #2101].

Likewise, the saying of the poet:

If you (seek) companionship with the people then accompany the best of them. And do not accompany the corrupted lest that you spoil along with them.

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ ibn Fawzān al-Fawzān

Source: شرح الحديث: المَرْءُ عَلَى دِيْنِ خَلِيلِهِ 
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Inciting Muslim Youth Towards Jiḥād and Financing Them Without the Permission of the Leaders

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ Al-Fawzān, a member of The Permanent Committee Of Scholars, Saudi Arabia, was asked:

Is it permissible to notify the appropriate authorities upon individuals who we know are inciting the youth to go and (fight) Jiḥād and providing them with the funds without the permission of the leaders; and what is your advice to these kinds of people? 

Answer: 

Firstly, they should be advised. If they accept this advice and cease these activities then all praise is due to Allāh. If they do not accept this (advice) then in order to prevent them from harming the Muslims and the Muslim children, those in charge should be informed (of their behaviour) so that they can seize them. This person sends the Muslim children to battlegrounds and to destruction for no purposeful reason and he sits here. It is amazing that some of them deliver sermons where they get over emotional, and they encourage and send the Muslim children whilst they themselves sit in their houses, eating and drinking. All of this is unacceptable and rejected but this is just an example of their astonishing inconsistency.1

1) Al-Ijābāt al-Muḥimmah fī-al-Mashākil al-Mulimmah (2/163).
Translated by Haṣan al-Ṣūmālī

Benefit: Is it Better to Pray Sitting in a Chair or Sitting on the Ground for Those Who Cannot Stand?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: Praying [seated] on chairs has become prevalent in mosques, is it better to pray sitting on a chair or [sitting] on the ground considering the sujūd [prostration] and the other pillars of the prayer?

Answer: The foundation is that he (prays) sitting on the ground. Those who are not able to sit on the ground should sit on a chair, then if he is able to prostrate on the ground—meaning that he sits on a chair at the time of standing in prayer and then prostrates on the ground—it is compulsory that he does so. If he is not able to prostrate on the ground then he gestures the act of prostration with his head and neck [i.e. bowing his neck and head downwards while seated on the chair] and this will suffice him from the [full] prostration on the ground due to the verse of Allāh:

 فَاتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ
Fear Allāh to the best of your capability.
[Surah al-Taghābun, 64:16]

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Fawzān

Source: ظاهرة الصلاة على الكراسي
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: It Is From the Sunnah to Increase One’s Fasting in Shaʿbān

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Sāliḥ al-Fawzān (حفظه الله) was asked: “Is there anything confirmed [in the sunnah] concerning fasting in Shaʿbān? [And] what is the ruling on singling out the fifteenth day of that month every year to fast?”

The shaykh (حفظه الله) responded with the following: “Yes, the Prophet (ﷺ) use to fast in Shaʿbān, and he would fast the majority of it. Therefore, the sunnah is to fast and to increase [one’s] fasting in it.”

Source: حكم صيام شهر شعبان
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Knowledge Is Amānah

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Ṣaliḥ ibn al-Fawzān, may Allāh preserve him, said:1 This knowledge is trust; (and certainly) not a property of yours that you amass and withhold from the people while they stand in need of it. So, it is your duty to convey it, to clarify it, and to call others to good. The Most High says: «(And remember) when Allāh took a covenant from those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) to make it (the news of the coming of Prophet Muḥammad, may Allāh raise his rank and grant him peace, and the religious knowledge) known and clear to mankind, and not to hide it.»2
 
(1) Al-Fawzān, Sharʹḥ al-Uṣūl al-Thʿaláthah.
(2) Sūrah Āli-ʿImrān (3):178.

Benefit: Learn to Taste Knowledge

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ ibn al-Fawzān, may Allāh preserve him, said: "Knowledge is not acquired except through learning, and learning demands solicitude, diligence, effort, time, comprehension, and a conscious heart."1

 _________________

 (1) Al-Fawzān, Sharḥ al-Uṣūl al-Thalāthah.

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