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A Clarification of Some Common Doubts and Misconceptions Affiliated with the Month of Ramaḍān

   Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīnShaykh Aḥmad ibn Yaḥyá al-NajmīShaykh Muqbil ibn Hādī al-WādiʿīShaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn BāzShaykh Khālid ibn Ḍahwī al- ẒufayrīShaykh ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-ʿAbbādShaykh Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-AlbānīShaykh ʿUbayd al-Jābirī

The blessed month of Ramaḍān is a time of worship and righteous deeds. However, during this month, many misnomers and false practices exist. The following is a compilation of common doubts and misconceptions corrected and clarified by Islamic scholars.

Benefit: A Warning against Shaving the Beard

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

 Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz (raḥimuhullāh) said: As for the beard, it is impermissible to shave it or take anything from it at any given time; rather it is an obligation to let it grow due to that which has been affirmed in the Ṣaḥīḥayn (Bukhārī and Muslim) on the authority of Ibn ʿUmar (raḍi Allāhu ʿanhu) who said, the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam) said:

Oppose the polytheists, lengthen the beard and clip the moustaches.

Likewise, Imām Muslim collected in his Ṣahīh, on the authority of Abū Hurayrah (raḍi Allāhu ʿanhu) who said, the prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam) said:

Trim the moustaches and grow the beards, oppose the Fire-Worshipers (Majūs).

This calamity has become greater in this time of ours due to many of the people opposing this Sunnah and waging war against (growing) the beards, and them being pleased with looking like women and disbelievers (by not growing their beards), nevertheless, even those who associate themselves with knowledge and educating [fall into this calamity of trimming the beard]. Verily to Allāh we belong and to Him we shall return. We ask Allāh to guide us and guide all of the Muslims to accept the Sunnah, adhere to it and call towards it, even if most of the people turn away from it. Allāh (alone) is sufficient for us, and He is the best disposer of affairs, there is no might nor power except with Allāh the Most High and Exalted.
_______________________________
Source: al-Taḥqīq wa-al-Īḍāḥ p.39
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī 

Benefit: Activeness in Calling the People to the Truth

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Ibn Bāz mentioned: That which is required from the people of knowledge is that they spread it (knowledge) and that they do not let the people of falsehood be more active than them in this. Rather, they are obligated to be more active than the people of falsehood by clarifying the truth and calling towards it wherever they may be; in the streets, in the cars, in the planes, in space shuttles, in their homes and any place they may be. It is upon the people of knowledge to forbid the evil in the best manner possible, to teach the people in the best way possible, with a good approach, kindness and forbearance. Allāh said:

Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best.
[Sūrah al-Naḥl, 16:125]

Source: Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá of Shaykh Ibn Bāz 9-223.
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Allāh Decreed the Division of the Ummah

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh ‘Abd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz (رحمه الله) said:

Without a doubt, this division causes pain to every Muslim. It is mandatory upon the Muslims to gather upon the truth and to work together upon goodness and piety; however, Allāh decreed the division of the Ummah due to His great wisdom and praiseworthy objectives, for which He should be praised. No one knows its details except Him. Differentiating His awliyā’ [i.e friends] from His enemies and differentiating those who exert themselves to seek the truth from those who turn away from it, following their desires, are from those objectives.

Source: al-Ajwibah al-Athariyyah, pg. 184-185. 
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Avoid Publicising the Rulers’ Faults!

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz (رحمه الله) stated: “Publicising the rulers’ faults and mentioning their errors on the pulpits is not from the methodology of the Salaf as it [only] leads to discord and revolutions.”

قال: "ليس من منهج السلف التشهير بعيوب الولاة، وذكر ذلك على المنابر؛ لأن ذلك يفضي إلى الانقلابات، وعدم السمع والطاعة في المعروف".       

Source: Uṣūl Ahl-Sunnah Hidāyah wa Amān, pg. 64.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Celebrating the Day and/or the Night of the Fifteenth of Shaʿbān with Worship Is a Despicable Innovation

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Ibn Bāz (رحمه الله) said: "Certainly, celebrating the fifteenth night of Shaʿbān by performing [supererogatory] prayers or other [acts of worship], and singling out its day with fast is a despicable innovation, as viewed by the majority of the people of knowledge. There is no basis for it in the pure Sharīʿah; rather, it is from that which arose in Islām after the era of the Companions (رضي الله عنهم)."

Source: حكم الاحتفال بليلة النصف من شعبان
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Concealing the Sins of a Muslim

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

If a person sees a defect from his brother (i.e. a sin), he should not expose him and spread news of it amongst the people. Rather, he should conceal [his brother’s sins]; advise him; direct him towards good; call him to repent to Allāh, the Most High; and not expose him to the people. The one who conceals [the sins of] his brother, Allāh will conceal him [i.e. his sins] both in the worldly life and in the Hereafter. This is because the recompense of one is in accordance to that which he has done.

As for those who have no shame and make their sins apparent to the people, they have exposed themselves; therefore, they are not given concealment [with regards to their sins]. They are like the one who drinks alcohol amongst the people in the marketplaces and gatherings, such a person has exposed himself. We ask Allāh for good health.

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz

Source: Fatāwá Nūr ʿalá al-Darb #11401.
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Do Not be Bedazzled by the Majority

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Every Muslim should be cautious against being deluded by the majority and reasoning by saying, “Everyone does this and that and everyone practices this and that (act), so I am with them”. This is a great calamity which destroyed many people of old.

So, O intelligent one, upon you is to look to your own self and hold yourself accountable. Upon you is to hold fast to the truth even if the people abandon it. Upon you is to be cautious against that which Allāh has prohibited even if the people engage in it; for indeed, the truth is more deserving of adherence. Allāh mentions:

وَإِن تُطِعْ أَكْثَرَ مَن فِي الْأَرْضِ يُضِلُّوكَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ
And if you obey most of those on earth, they will mislead you far away from Allāh's path.
[Sūrah al-Anʿām, 6:116]

وَمَا أَكْثَرُ النَّاسِ وَلَوْ حَرَصْتَ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ 
And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it eagerly.
[Sūrah Yūsuf, 12:103]

Some of the Salaf used to say: "Do not be disheartened from the truth due to its small following, and do not be deceived by falsehood due to its large following."

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz

Source: Majmūʿ al-Fatāwa 411/12 
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Fasting the Six Days of Shawwāl

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy
An abridgment from one of the 2008 Fiqh classes on fasting the six days of Shawwaal. A look into the position of Imām Mālik, raḥimahullāh, and a clarification of that. The snippet also includes two questions posed to Shaykh Bin Bāz, raḥimahullāh, on this important topic.


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Benefit: Imām Ibn Bāz Concerning Cheating on Exams

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

From the greatest scholars of the Ummah in the last century was al-ʿAllāmah al-Shakyh, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn ʿAbdillāh ibn Bāz raḥimahullāh. His firmly grounded knowledge of the religion, wisdom, and piety were characteristics that made him recognized by Muslims internationally. A collection of his rulings, al-Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá́, is an outstanding example of these aformentioned characeristics. In this benefit presented by Abū al-ʿAbbās Mūsá Richardson, Shaykh Ibn Baz speaks about the ruling on cheating in educational settings. Listen to the short clip and share it with your friends, teachers, and classmates. May Allāh have mercy upon you.


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Benefit: Injections, Blood Tests and Ḥijāmah While Fasting

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

[Q]: What is the ruling on a fasting person getting injected with a needle in his vein or his muscle and what is the difference between the two?

[A]: That which is most correct is that they do not break one’s fast, however injecting oneself with a needle of which nutrition is gained does break the fast. Likewise, one’s fast is not broken due to a blood test because it is not like ḥijāmah (cupping). The most correct position of the scholars is that ḥijāmah breaks the fasts of both the doer and the one it is being done to according to the statement of the Prophet (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam):

Both the ḥājim [the one who is doing the cupping] and the maḥjūm’s [the one who cupping is being done to] have broken their fasts. [Collected by Abū Dāwūd and Tirmidhī, graded ṣaḥīḥ by al-Albānī]

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz

Source: تحفة الإخوان بأجوبة مهمة تتعلق بأركان الإسلام. ص.١٤٠
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Innovation - Relying on Prayer Schedules in Large Cities?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Ibn Bāz (may Allāh have Mercy on him) said:

"It is well known that people who live in well-lit (large) cities can not determine the time of the entrance of Fajr by their own sighting (of the horizon). Thus, it is upon them to be cautious and go by the athaan and by prayer schedules that determine the times of Fajr's entrance according to the hour and minute, acting by the statement of the Messenger of Allāh (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam): "Leave what makes you doubt for that which does not make you doubt."  And his statement (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam): "Whoever stays away from doubtful matters will keep his religion and his honor protected."  And Allāh is the Granter of success. 
 

Source: Majmoo' al-Fatāwī of Shaykh Ibn Bāz (15/286), may Allāh have Mercy on him
Source: http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=16&Topic=7337

Benefit: Referring to Oneself as 'Salafī'

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Nowadays, the followers and sympathisers of al-Ḥalabī focus heavily on rebuking the term 'Salafī', with the intention of causing distance between the Muslims and the methodology of the Salaf, the scholars who defend it, and the people who proceed upon it. This is a carefully designed scheme to sway the unsuspecting one away from issues of manhaj and away from ascertaining the truth from falsehood, sunnah from bid'ah. They claim "upon the Qurʾān and Sunnah and the way of the Salaf...but not Salafīyyah the ḥizb!" This is their attempt to distance the person away from investigating salafiyyah, for if he were to do so, inevitably he would come to know the Salafī scholars and therefore come to know the reality of al-Ḥalabī and his companions. A term they used to defend that they now dispose of since it is no longer favourable to their interests and those whom they now cooperate with from Ahl al-Bidʿah,. What do some of the scholars of our time say about the terms 'Salafī' and 'salafiyyah'?


Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Ibn Bāz, raḥimahullāh, was asked this question: “What do you say about one who is referred to as ‘as-Salafī’ and ‘al-Atharī’? Is this a tazkiyah?” He, raḥimahullāh, responded: “If he is truthful that he is an Atharī (one who follows the narrations) or a Salafī, then there is no harm in it. (This is) a tazkiyah which is inevitable; a tazkiyah that is obligatory.”1

Likewise, the Shaykh, the ʿAllāmah, Ṣāliḥ ibn Fawzān al-Fawzān mentioned it in al-Ajwibah al-Mufīdah, wherein he was asked: “What is al-Salafīyyah? And is it obligatory to traverse upon its methodology and cling to it?” He said: “al-Salafīyyah is traversing upon the methodology of the Salaf, from the Companions, the Tābiʿūn and the virtuous generations in the ʿaqīdah, understanding, and manners. It is obligatory upon the Muslim to traverse upon this methodology."2 

[1] From a lecture entitled: “Ḥaqqul-Muslim” delivered in al-Tāʿif.
[2] al-Ajwibah al-Mufīdah, pg. 103.

Translated by Raha Batts

Benefit: Remain Seated after the Obligatory Prayers

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz mentioned:

The sitting after the taslīm in the prescribed prayers is from the most important times, in which the mercy of Allāh descends (upon his slaves).

Do not hastily get up, rather seek forgiveness from Allāh, glorify Him, praise Him, and magnify Him.

Ibn Baṭṭal (raḥimahullāh) said:

Whoever has many sins and desires that Allāh remove these sins from him without burdening himself, then let him seize this opportunity and remain seated in his place after the prayer, so that he may take advantage of the supplications from the Angels and their asking forgiveness for him.
 
Source: Sharḥ Ibn Baṭṭal, vol. 3, pg. 114
Translated by: Munīb al-Sumālī