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Abandonment of the Prayer


A collection of evidence regarding the apostasy of the one who intentionally abandons ṣalāh.

Articulating the Intention

  Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymīyyah

This is a series of questions that were put to Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymīyyah in his Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá́ concerning articulating the intention aloud when beginning the Prayer.

Audio: Bulūgh al-Marām: The Chapter of Purification

 In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

  Bulūgh al-Marām: The Chapter of Purification

During the Seminar, Bulūgh al-Marām: Chapter of Purification in January 2017, our noble and respected elder, Abū Muʿādh Taqwīm Aslam, a graduate of the University of Madīnah in the Faculty of Ḥadīth Sciences, delivers a highly beneficial series of lectures going through the famous book, Bulūgh al-Marām: Chapter of Purification, by Ḥāfiẓ ibn Hajar al-Asqalānī (raḥimahullāh), drawing upon the explanation of Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Fawzan (hafiẓahullah). Bulūgh al-Marām is comprised of chapters, each of which has several narrations which are related to that particular chapter and its rulings. The opening chapter is the Chapter of Purification, which comprises of issues related to wuḍūʿ, ghuṣl, tayammum and so on, which are briefly touched upon in these series of lectures.


Benefit: An Inmate Cannot Find Water or Dirt in His Prison Cell - How Can He Pray?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: If a prisoner is in his cell and cannot find water or dirt whilst the time for prayer is about to expire, what should he do?

Answer: If he cannot find water or get someone to bring him water, and he cannot find dirt, he should pray as he is. [However, he should] look towards the wall or to the carpets to see if he can find dust, if he finds dust then it is permissible for him to strike it with [the palm of] his hands one time to wipe his face and hands, if he cannot find any of that then he prays in the condition that he is in.

This is specifically if the prayer is one that cannot be joined with another prayer [i.e. if it is a prayer like Ẓuhr he can delay it to join it with ʿAṣr to spare more time to find water, dirt, sand, soil, earth etc.]

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Hādī al-Madkhalī

Arabic Source: ماذا يصنع الرجلُ إذا كان في سجن فلم يجد ماءً ولا ترابا وكاد
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Covering the Head in Prayer

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

 Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Sāliḥ al-‘Uthaymīn (رحمه الله) said: “Covering the head is optional, since a man’s ʿawrah is between his navel and his knees; however, whenever a man needs to pray, he should wear the finest clothing that his compatriots wear to pray.”

Source: Fatāwá Nūr ʿAlá al-Durb, vol. 8, pg. 128.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

لا يجب تغطية الرأس لأن العورة الواجب سترها ما بين السرة والركبة ولكن ينبغي للإنسان إذا أراد أن يصلى أن يصلى بأحسن لبسة يلبسها الناس في زمانه ومكانه

Benefit: Don't Just Stand There!

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Since the latecomer to the congregational prayer does not count the rak'ah unless he has joined during the rukoo', some people believe that if they come after the rukoo' there is no point in joining the prayer until the imām stands back up for the next rak'ah, even if it means standing there looking around for a long time while the congregation makes tashahhud!

Here's why this is forbidden from a four-fold textual standpoint:

1) The generality of the ḥadīth which is found in al-Bukhārī and Muslim:

‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎"The imām has only been appointed to be followed..."

2) And in one wording in al-Bukhārī (722):

‎‎‎‎‎"...So do not contraḍīct him..."

The one who stands there waiting for the imām to stand has not followed the imām, in fact he has contraḍīcted him!

3) In the same ḥadīth:

‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎"...So if he makes takbeer (says: "Allāhu akbar"), then make takbeer..."

The one who stands there waiting for the imām to rise has not made the takbeers that go with each movement, and thus has violated this order.

4) The clearest ḥadīth in the issue (if you were saying, "Well, that's not clear enough for me..."):

‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎‎ ‎‎‎‎‎"If you have come to the prayer and we are prostrating, then prostrate, but do not count it (as a rak'ah)..."

This ḥadīth was collected by Abū Dāwūd in his Sunan (893) from the narration of Abū Hurayrah (may Allāh be pleased with him).  al-Albānī graded it ḥasan.

May Allāh grant us success in following the Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam) in all our words and deeds, secret and open.  And Allāh knows best.

Compiled by: Mūsá Richardson 
Original Source:  http://salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=10&Topic=10615

Benefit: How Should One Pray Ṣalāt al-Istikhārah?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

 Ustādh Mūsá Richardson is asked the following question concerning how and when one should pray Ṣalāt al-Istikhārah:

[Q]: With regards to Ṣalāt al-Istikhārah, does one pray it when he is confused about two matters in which he wishes to be guided to the one that is better for him, or does he pray it when he has made up his mind about a matter and wishes to be guided away from it if it is bad for him, or to it if the matter is good for him and therefore he begins attempting to achieve this thing.


Benefit: Innovation - Relying on Prayer Schedules in Large Cities?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Ibn Bāz (may Allāh have Mercy on him) said:

"It is well known that people who live in well-lit (large) cities can not determine the time of the entrance of Fajr by their own sighting (of the horizon). Thus, it is upon them to be cautious and go by the athaan and by prayer schedules that determine the times of Fajr's entrance according to the hour and minute, acting by the statement of the Messenger of Allāh (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam): "Leave what makes you doubt for that which does not make you doubt."  And his statement (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhī wa-sallam): "Whoever stays away from doubtful matters will keep his religion and his honor protected."  And Allāh is the Granter of success. 

Source: Majmoo' al-Fatāwī of Shaykh Ibn Bāz (15/286), may Allāh have Mercy on him
Source: http://www.salafitalk.net/st/viewmessages.cfm?Forum=16&Topic=7337

Benefit: Intentionally Failing to Establish the Five Daily Prayers

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

 Imām al-Tirmidhī (رحمه الله) reported: “ʿAbd Allāh ibn Shaqīq al-‘Uqaylī (رضي الله عنه) said: ‘Muhammad’s (ﷺ) Companions only considered abandoning the performance of the prayer as apostasy.’”

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī, Ḥadīth 2622.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

قال عبد الله بن شقيق العقيلي (رضي الله عنه): "كان أصحاب محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يرون شيئا من الأعمال تركه كفر غير الصلاة."

Benefit: Is it Better to Pray Sitting in a Chair or Sitting on the Ground for Those Who Cannot Stand?

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: Praying [seated] on chairs has become prevalent in mosques, is it better to pray sitting on a chair or [sitting] on the ground considering the sujūd [prostration] and the other pillars of the prayer?

Answer: The foundation is that he (prays) sitting on the ground. Those who are not able to sit on the ground should sit on a chair, then if he is able to prostrate on the ground—meaning that he sits on a chair at the time of standing in prayer and then prostrates on the ground—it is compulsory that he does so. If he is not able to prostrate on the ground then he gestures the act of prostration with his head and neck [i.e. bowing his neck and head downwards while seated on the chair] and this will suffice him from the [full] prostration on the ground due to the verse of Allāh:

 فَاتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ
Fear Allāh to the best of your capability.
[Surah al-Taghābun, 64:16]

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ al-Fawzān

Source: ظاهرة الصلاة على الكراسي
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

Benefit: Just Pick It up with Your Foot!

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

[Q]:  O Eminent Shaykh, a man praying Ṣʿalátul-Dhuhr drops his handkerchief while he is standing so he bends down and grabs the handkerchief, is his prayer invalidated by this movement?

[A]:  Yes, his prayer is invalidated by this movement; because when he makes Rukoo’ he bends down until he reaches the point of the Rukoo’, but he has (now) increased the Rukoo’ (i.e. gone past the Rukoo’ point to grab his handkerchief or added another Rukoo’). However, if he has done so out of ignorance then there is nothing upon him due to the generality of His, Exalted be He, statement: “Our Lord, punish us not if we forget or fall into error.” [Sūrah al-Baqarah 2: 286]  

Due to this, if you drop a handkerchief or key while you are standing in prayer then leave it until you reach it in sujood or pick it up with your foot. If you are able to stand on one foot, then get it with your foot then grab it (from your foot) with your hand. As for the person bending down to grab it from the ground wherein the rukoo’ would be closer to it than the qiyaam, then this is not permissible.

Shaykh Muḥammad Ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn

Source: http://www.sahab.net/forums/showthread.php?t=372233  
Translated by: Raha ʿAzīzuddīn Batts

Benefit: Men Praying with Garments below Their Ankles

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-‘Uthaymīn (رحمه الله) was asked: “Does wearing a thawb (garment) that passes the ankles nullify the ṣalāh?”

He (رحمه الله) responded:

Whoever wears a thawb that passes his ankles has committed a major sin, since the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Whatever is below the ankles is in the Fire.” (Reported by Imām Aḥmad with this wording.)

[As for the validity of the ṣalāh,] then the scholars differ over that. Some say even though the ṣalāh is valid, a man is sinful for wearing a thawb that passes his ankles. Others say his ṣalāh is invalid, since he wore a thawb that is ḥarām to wear. What is correct is that even though his ṣalāh is valid, he is sinful for wearing a thawb that passes his ankles.

Source: al-Liqa’ al-Shahrī, Sitting no. 4, Question no. 15.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Only a Muslim Establishes the Daily Prayers Consistently

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Imām al-Dhahabī (رحمه الله) said: “Our shaykh, Ibn Taymiyyah (رحمه الله), used to say in his final days before death overtook him: ‘I do not excommunicate anyone from this Ummah.’ He would say: ‘The Prophet (ﷺ) said: ‘Only a believer maintains his wuḍūʿ; therefore, whoever performs his prayers consistently is a Muslim.’”

قال: وكذا كان شيخنا ابن تيمية في أواخر أيامه يقول: أنا لا أكفر أحدا من الأمة، ويقول: قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: "لا يحافظ على الوضوء إلا مؤمن" فمن لازم الصلوات بوضوء فهو مسلم

Source: Siyar Aʿlām al-Nubalāʾ, vol. 15, pg. 88.
Translated by: Musa Shaleem Mohammed

Benefit: Remain Seated after the Obligatory Prayers

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz mentioned:

The sitting after the taslīm in the prescribed prayers is from the most important times, in which the mercy of Allāh descends (upon his slaves).

Do not hastily get up, rather seek forgiveness from Allāh, glorify Him, praise Him, and magnify Him.

Ibn Baṭṭal (raḥimahullāh) said:

Whoever has many sins and desires that Allāh remove these sins from him without burdening himself, then let him seize this opportunity and remain seated in his place after the prayer, so that he may take advantage of the supplications from the Angels and their asking forgiveness for him.
Source: Sharḥ Ibn Baṭṭal, vol. 3, pg. 114
Translated by: Munīb al-Sumālī

Benefit: Supererogatory Prayers Done After Ṣalāt al-ʿAsr and Taḥiyāt al-Masjid

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

A discussion before one of the ʿAqīdah classes in regards to the supererogatory prayers done after ṣʿalátul-‘ʿasr. Are they to be established? Or does one refrain from doing them due to the explicit prohibition? Also, a discussion on whether or not tahiyaatul-masjid, the two units of prayer done when entering into a masjid before sitting, is wājib, or something mustahabb, (recommended). 

From the audio set of the 'Aqīdah Course '07


Benefit: The Imām Should Wait During the Rukūʿ for the People to Catch the Prayer

In the Name of Allāh, the Ever Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

Question: Is it legislated for the one leading the prayer to wait whilst making rukūʿ [bowing] for those who are entering the masjid to catch up?

Answer: Yes, the prophet (ṣallá Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) would not lift his head up from rukūʿ until he heard the cessation of (people) walking, he would wait for those entering [to catch the prayer].

Shaykh Ṣāliḥ ibn Fawzān al-Fawzān

Source: إنتظار الإمام في الركوع
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī

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