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  • Ḍaʿīf Aḥādīth of al-Nawawī’s Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn (Gardens of the Righteous)

Ḍaʿīf Aḥādīth of al-Nawawī’s Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn (Gardens of the Righteous)

  Checked by Shaykh Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Albānī

Weak narrations in the tremendous book of Imām al-Nawawī.



The numbers at the end of each entry are its chapter, Ḥadīth and page

numbers. The first set refer to the S.M. Madni ʿAbbāsi translation,
International Islamic Publication House. The second set the Muḥammad
Zafrulla Khan translation, Islām International Publications, 1989.
Text is that of S.M. Madni ʿAbbāsi. ù denotes al-Albānī's comments.

1) "Safeguard the commandments of Allāh, you will find Him before
   you," and "and every ordeal is followed by easy circumstances."
  ù Narrated by `Abd ibn Humaid, as was mentioned by al-Hafiz ibn
   Rajab al-Ḥanbali in his Sharḥ of al-Nawawī's 40 Hadith, Jamiʿ ul
   `Ulum wal Hikam, pg. 161, and he said, "It is ḍaʿīf."
                                          5:62, pg. 53/ 5:62, pg. 20
                                          (2nd part only)

2) "A wise person is one who keeps a watch over his bodily desires
   ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù Its isnad is ḍaʿīf. In it is Abū Bakr ibn Abī Maryam who became
   confused in his aḤadīth after his house was robbed. See Da`if ul-
   Jamiʿ al-Saghīr, no. 4310.
                                          5:66, pg. 56/ 5:66, pg. 21

3) "A person will not be questioned about the beating of his wife."
   (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù Its isnad is ḍaʿīf as I have explained in Irwa ul Ghalil, no.
                                          5:68, pg. 57/ 5:68, pg. 21

4) "Lose no time to do good work before you are caught up by one of
   the seven calamities ..." (Tirmidhī, who graded it Ḥadīth ḥasan)
  ù There is weakness in its isnad as I have explained in al-Daʿifah,
   no. 1666 and I do not find support for it.
                                          10:93, pg. 72/ 10:93, pg. 27

5) "The very first failing that developed among the Jews ..." (Abū
   Dāwūd, Tirmidhī)
  ù Da`if.
                                          23:196, pg. 132/ 23:198, pg.

6) "If a woman dies while her husband was pleased with her, she will
   enter Paradise." (Tirmidhī)
  ù There are unknown reporters in its isnad. See al-Daʿifah, no.
                                          35:286, pg. 184/  35:288, pg.

7) "...they were sitting with ... when a man of the Bani Salamah
   tribe came and said ... Yes, by praying for them ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù It is ḍaʿīf, in it is ʿAlī ibn `Ubaid who is unknown.
                                          42:343, pg. 210/ 42:346, pg.

8) "A person asked Āʿishah for charity and she gave him a piece of
   bread ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù It is not sahih because of the aforementioned inqita (break in the
   isnad) [not translated].
                                          44:356, pg. 217/ 44:359, pg.

9) "Anas ibn Malik relates ... if a young man honours an older person
   ..." (Tirmidhī, who says this Ḥadīth is not sound)
  ù Da`if, has two weaknesses, al-Daʿifah no. 304.
                                          44:359, pg. 218/ 44:362, pg.

10)"ʿUmar ibn Khaṭṭāb relates: 'I solicited leave of ...'" (Abū Dāwūd,
  ù Da`if.
                                          45:373, pg. 226/ 45:376, pg.

11)"Abū Hurayrah relates ... the verse: 'That day she (earth) will
   relate her chronicles ...'" (Tirmidhī)
  ù Da`if because of a weak narrator.
                                          50:408, pg. 245/ 50:411, pg.

12)"Abū 'Amr ... ʿUthmān ibn 'Affan ... A son of Ādam has a right to
   have only three things ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù The Ḥadīth is ḍaʿīf as I have explained in al-Daʿifah, no. 1063.
                                          55:482, pg. 283/ 55:485, pg.

13)"Asmāʾ' ibnt Yazīd ... the sleeves of the shirt ... reached only up
   to his wrist." (Abū Dāwūd, Tirmidhī)
  ù There is weakness in it, see al-Daʿifah, no. 2458.
                                          56:519, pg. 301/ 55:522, pg.

14)"This Ḥadīth has been covered ..." (refer to no. 4)
  ù Its isnad is ḍaʿīf ...
                                          65:578, pg. 334/ 65:581, pg.

15)"Atiyah ibn 'Urwah as-Saʿdi ... no one can achieve the height of
   piety till he forsakes those practices which are harmless merely
   to guard himself against those which are harmful." (Tirmidhī)
  ù Its isnad is ḍaʿīf as I have explained in Takhrīj ul Halal, pg.
                                          68:596, pg. 341/ 68:599, pg.

16)"Ibn ʿAbbās ... do not drink water in one gulp ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù Its isnad is ḍaʿīf ... Takhrīj ul Mishkat, no. 4278.
                                          111:758, pg. 415/ 111:761, pg.

17)"Asmāʾ ibnt Yazīd ... sleeves of the shirt ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù Da`if as above, no. 13.
                                          119:790, pg. 426/ 118:793, pg.

18)"Abū Hurayrah ... while a person who was busy in prayer ..." (Abū
  ù There is clear reason to doubt (that the Ḥadīth is according to
   Muslim's standard as claimed) as I have explained in Takhrīj ul
   Mishkat, no. 761 and Da`if Abī Dāwūd, no. 96.
                                          119:797, pg. 429/ 118:800, pg.

19)"Qays ibn Bishr al-Tablīghī ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  (trans. note) The al-ʿArabīc text adds after it: 'Narrated by Abū Dāwūd
   with ḥasan isnad except for Qays ibn Bishr about whom they
   disagree regarding his strength or weakness as a narrator - and
   Muslim has narrated from him.'
  ù I have not seen anyone who has clearly states that he was a weak
   narrator. Rather the weakness of the Ḥadīth is because of his
   father who is an unknown narrator. See al-Irwa, no. 2123.
  N.B. The translation mentions the Companions using a rosary. This
   is a lie, not occurring at all in the al-ʿArabīc. May Allāh protect us
   from attributing such a wicked innovation to any of the
                                          119:798, pg. 430/ 118:801, pg.

20)"Safwan ibn ʿAssal says that a Jew asked his companion to take him
   ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù Al-Albani brings a long note, including: an-Nasai says of this
   Ḥadīth: 'Ḥadīth munkar' (see Nasbur Rāyah, 4/258). In its isnad is
   ʿAbdullāh ibn Salamah about whom they differ ... among those who
   have declared him as weak are Aḥmad, as-Shāfiʿī, al-Bukharī and
   others. (Da`if Abī Dāwūd, no. 30)
                                          143:889, pg. 463/ 142:893, pg.

21)"Ibn ʿUmar relates an incident ... end of the recital ..." (Abū
  ù In its isnad is Yazīd ibn Abī Ziyad al-Hashimi ... about him al-
   Hafiz (Ibn Hajr) says, "Da`if, when he became old his memory
   suffered ..."
                                          143:890, pg. 464/ 142:894, pg.

22)"Āʿishah ... Zayn ibn Ḥarithah ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù In its isnad is Muḥammad ibn ʿIshāʾq, a mudallis, and he uses
   `an`anah (relates the Ḥadīth by saying `an (from)), being famous
   for it.
                                          143:891, pg. 464/ 142:895, pg.

23)"Āʿishah ... she observed the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) when he was in the throes
   of death ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù Its isnad is ḍaʿīf. See Takhrīj ul Mishkat, no. 1564.
                                          147:912, pg. 472/ 146:916, pg.

24)"Husayn ibn Wahwah ... that Ṭalḥah ibn al-Bara' became ill ..."
   (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù Its isnad is ḍaʿīf as I have explained in Ahkam ul-Jana'iz, pp. 13-
   14 and al-Daʿifah, no. 3232.
                                          159:944, pg. 487/ 158:948, pg.

25)"Imam Shāfiʿī said it is better to recite the Qurʾān near the
   grave ..."
  ù Its being his saying is doubtful, rather a repudiation of this
   view is authentically reported from him ... and Ibn Taimiyah
   signifies this is in al-Iqtida ... that this is not Imam Shāfiʿī's
   saying. Rather it is a innovation.
                                          161:947, pg. 488/ -

26)"Ibn ʿUmar ... met with nightfall ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù Its isnad contains unknown narrator/s even though ad-Dhahabi and
   al-Hakim say it is sahih and Ibn Hajr says its ḥasan. See ad-
   Da`ifah, no. 4837.
                                          174:983, pg. 506/ 173:987, pg.

27)"Ibn 'ʿAbbās ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù I have spoken about it in Mishkat no. 2135 ... ḍaʿīf.
                                          180:1000, pg. 512/ 179:1004,
                                          pg. 186

28)"Abū Darda' ... one who memorizes the first ten verses of Surat al-
   Kahf ... and in a narration: from the end of Sūrah-ul Kahf."
  ù This particular narration 'from the end' instead of 'from the
   beginning' is shadh (reliable reporter contraḍīcting more reliable
                                          183:1021, pg. 521/ 182:1025,
                                          pg. 189

29)"Abū Sa'id Khudri ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù Its isnad is ḍaʿīf as I have explained in Mishkat, no. 723,
   although its meaning is correct.
                                          189:1060, pg. 535/ 188:1064,
                                          pg. 193

30)"Āʿishah ... Allāh and his angels send down blessings on the right
   wing of the rows." (Abū Dāwūd, citing on the terms of Muslim)
  ù Al-Albani brings a long note ... the wording 'upon those on the
   right of the rows' is shadh or munkar, the correct narration being
   'upon those who join up the rows.' See Mishkat, no. 1096, Da`if
   Abī Dāwūd, no. 153 ...
                                          194:1094, pg. 548/ 193:1098,
                                          pg. 197

31)"Abū Hurayrah ... Let the Imam stand in the middle and close the
   gaps ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù There are unknown reporters in the isnad. See Da`if Abī Dāwūd, no.
                                          194:1096, pg. 548/ 193:1100,
                                          pg. 197

32)"Ali ibn Abī Ṭālib ... two rakāts before 'ʿAṣr ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù But the wording 'two rakāts' is shadh and the correct version is
   'four rakāts', see Da`if Abī Dāwūd, 235.
                                          200:1121, pg. 558/ 199:1125,
                                          pg. 200

33)"Abī Burdah ibn Abī Mūsá al-Ash'ari ... ʿAbdullāh ibn ʿUmar ...
   takes place from the muʿmīnt the Imam ascends the pulpit and lasts
   till the prayer ends." (Muslim)
  ù The imams have verified its being mauqof to Abū Mūsá al-Ash'ari,
   among them al-Daraqutni as I have explained in Da`if Abī Dāwūd, no.
                                          210:1157, pg. 570/ 209:1162,
                                          pg. 204

34)"Saʿd ibn Abī Waqqās ... we ... started from Mecca to Madina ..."
   (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù Its isnad is ḍaʿīf ... al-Irwa, no. 467 and al-Daʿifah, no. 3229.
                                          211:1159, pg. 571/ 210:1164,
                                          pg. 204

35)"Abū Hurayrah ... when anyone of you who gets up for the night
   prayer, he should start the same with two brief rakāts." (Muslim)
  ù And this Ḥadīth is related marfu'an from Abū Hurayrah by others -
   from his (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) action - which is correct - as for its being his (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam)
   that is shadh as explained in Da`if Abī Dāwūd, no. 240.
                                          212:1179, pg. 577/ 211:1184,
                                          pg. 206

36)"Abū Hurayrah ..." (Tirmidhī called it sound)
  ù Its isnad contains Qurah ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, and he is ḍaʿīf
   because of his poor memory, and I have laid out the 'ulamas'
   criticism of him in the second Ḥadīth of Irwa ul Ghalil ...
                                          222:1235, pg. 601/ 221:1240,
                                          pg. 215

37)"Mujibat-ul-Bahiliyah ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù Its isnad is ḍaʿīf as I have explained in at-Ta'liq ur-Raghib
   'alat-Targhib wat-Tarhib, 2/82.
                                          225:1248, pg. 606/ 224:1253,
                                          pg. 216

38)"Umm ʿUmarah al-Ansāriyah ..." (Tirmidhī and said it was good)
  ù And in some versions of Tirmidhī occurs 'ḥasan sahih', and there
   is reason to doubt both of these - ad-Da`if, no. 1332.
                                          231:1266, pg. 612/ 230:1271,
                                          pg. 218

39)"ʿUqbah ibn Amir Juhani ... Allāh will admit three persons into
   Paradise on account of one arrow ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù There is weakness in its isnad ... Takhrīj Fiqhus-Sirah, pg. 225.
                                          234:1335, pg. 639/ 233:1340,
                                          pg. 227

40)"Abū Umāmah ... " (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù Its isnad contains al-Walid ibn Muslim, a mudallis and he has used
   'an'anah (from) here. See at-Ta'liq-ur-Raghib, 2/200.
                                          234:1348, pg. 643/ 233:1353,
                                          pg. 228

41)"Anas ... A person who goes (out of his house) in search of
   knowledge, he is on Allāh's way and he remains so till he
   returns." (Tirmidhī said it was good)
  ù Da`if, Takhrīj-ul-Mishkat, no. 220, al-Daʿifah, no. 2037.
                                          241:1385, pg. 657/ 240:1390,
                                          pg. 233

42)"Abū Sa'id al-Khudri ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù It is ḍaʿīf. Mishkat, no. 222.
                                          241:1386, pg. 658/
                                          240:1391,pg. 233

43)"Abū Hurayrah ... Every magnificant and important project not
   begun with the praise of Allāh ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù The Ḥadīth is ḍaʿīf regarding its isnad, faulty regarding its text
   as I have explained at the beginning of al-Irwa, (1-2).
                                          242:1394, pg. 661/ 241:1399,
                                          pg. 234

44)"Saʿd ibn Abī Waqqās ... that he along with ... went to ... had a
   ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù There are unknown reporter/s in its isnad as I have explained in
   at-Ta'liq 'alal Kalim it-Tatib, pg. 27, ... and the Ḥadīth's base
   is sahih, without the mention of the nawa or hasa (that the woman
   was supposed to be using), being brought by Muslim in his sahih
   from the Ḥadīth of Juwairāyah.
                                          244:1442, pg. 684/ 243:1447,
                                          pg. 240

45)"Imrān ibn Husayn ... taught his father two ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù Da`if isnad. In it is inqita' (break) and weakness. Ibn Hiban and
   Aḥmad (4/44) have narrated it with another line of transmission
   which is sahih, but with the wording, "O Allāh, forgive my wrong-
   doing, both the accidental and deliberate thereof. O Allāh, I ask
   You to guide me rightly in my affairs, and I take refuge in You
   from the evil of my own self."
                                          250:1487, pg. 709/ 249:1492,
                                          pg. 248

46)"Abū Darda ... One of the supplications of Dāwūd ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù In its isnad is ʿAbdullāh ibn Rabi'ah ad-Dimashqi, and he is
   unknown as Ibn Hajr says.
                                          250:1490, pg. 710/ 249:1495,
                                          pg. 249

47)"Ibn Masʿūd ..." (Hakim)
  ù In its isnad is one who became confused in his aḤadīth. See ad-
   Da`ifah, no. 2908.
                                          250:1493, pg. 712/ 249:1498,
                                          pg. 249

48)"Ibn ʿUmar ... Do not indulge in long talks without remembering
   Allāh ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù In its isnad is an unknown narrator, Malik narrates it as being
   the saying of 'Isa. See al-Daʿifah, no. 920 ... The unknown
   narrator is Ibrahim ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn Hatib.
                                          254:1518, pg. 732/ 253:1523,
                                          pg. 255

49)"Ibn Masʿūd ..." (Abū Dāwūd, Tirmidhī)
  ù In its isnad is an unknown narrator. al-Daʿifah, no. 1902.
                                          258:1539, pg. 743/ 257:1544,
                                          pg. 259

50)"Abū Hurayrah ... Avoid jealousy ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù In its isnad is an unnamed narrator. See Mishkat, no. 4856.
                                          270:1569, pg. 764/ 268:1547,
                                          pg. 266

51)"Wasila ibn al-Asqa'a ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù The Ḥadīth contains the 'an'anah of Makhul. Mishkat, no. 4856.
                                          274:1577, pg. 769/ 272:1582,
                                          pg. 267

52)"Abū Hurayrah ..." (Bukharī)
  ù In its isnad is a man whom Ibn Hajr declares as ḍaʿīf, along with
   others. See my book, Mukhtasar Ṣaḥiḥ Bukharī.
                                          277:1587, pg. 772/ 275:1592,
                                          pg. 269

53)"Abū Hurayrah ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù In its isnad is Hilāl al-Madani about whom adh-Dhahabi says: "He
   is not known." See al-Irwa, no. 2089.
                                          280:1597, pg. 777/ 278:1602,
                                          pg. 270

54)"Ibn ʿUmar ..." (Bukharī)
  ù NOT DA`IF. The Ḥadīth is narrated by Hafid ibn ʿUmar, i.e.
   Muḥammad ibn Zayn ibn `ʿAbdullāh ibn ʿUmar, not from the words of
   Ibn ʿUmar. The Ḥadīth with this wording is not Bukharī's, but from
                                          288:1618, pg. 790/ 286:1623,
                                          pg. 276

55)"Umm Salamah ..." (Abū Dāwūd, Tirmidhī)
  ù In its isnad is Nabhan maula Umm Salamah who is unknown.
                                          290:1626, pg. 793/ 288:1631,
                                          pg. 277

56)"Ali ... forbade the shaving of the head of women." (Nisai)
  ù Also narrated by Tirmidhī who pointed out idirab (shakiness) in
   its isnad. See al-Daʿifah, no. 678.
                                          295:1641, pg. 798/ 293:1646,
                                          pg. 279

57)"Qabisah ibn al-Mukhāriq ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù In its isnad is Hibban ibn ul 'Ala' - unknown. Takhrīj ul-Halal,
   pg. 299
                                          303:1670, pg. 809/ 301:1676,
                                          pg. 282

58)"Urwah ibn 'Amir ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù They disagree whether or not 'Urwah was a Companion. Further there
   is in the isnad 'an'anah of a mudallis, see al-Kalim-ut-Tayyib,
   note. no. 193.
                                          304:1677, pg. 811/ 302:1683,
                                          pg. 283

59)"Ibn ʿUmar ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù Da`if isnad. See al-Daʿifah, no. 1850.
                                          314:1711, pg. 823/ 312:1717,
                                          pg. 287

60)"Jabir ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù Its isnad is ḍaʿīf as explained in al-Mishkat, no. 1944
                                          319:1722, pg. 828/ 317:1728,
                                          pg. 289

61)"Anas ..." (Tirmidhī)
  ù Da`if isnad and contains inqita: al-Mishkat, no. 172 ...
                                          341:1756, pg. 841/ 339:1762,
                                          pg. 294

62)"Abī Tha'laba al-Khushani Jurthum ibn Nashir ..." (Daraqutni)
  ù Contains inqita in the isnad: Ghayat-ul-Maram, no. 4
                                          370:1832, pg. 885/ 368:1838,
                                          pg. 309

63)"Ibn ʿAbbās ..." (Abū Dāwūd)
  ù Its isnad contains an unknown narrator. al-Daʿifah, no. 706
                                          371:1873, pg. 915/ 369:1879,
                                          pg. 320

64)"Ibn Ma'sud ..." (Abū Dāwūd, Tirmidhī and Hakim)
  ù NOT DAIF. Only Hakim brings Ibn Masʿūd's narration and its isnad
   is strong.
                                          371:1874, pg. 915/ 369:1880,
                                          pg. 320

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