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Shaykh Muḥammad ibn al-ʿUthaymīn and other ʿUlamāʾ discuss: Should the missed fasts of Ramaḍān be made up before the fasts of Shawwāl? Eating collectively and racing to do good.



  Hastening (to do good) is the opposite of being lazy and sluggish. So whenever a person is lazy and sluggish, then he will certainly miss out on a lot of good.



Shaykh Muḥammad Ibn Ṣāliḥ al-’Uthaymīn - hafiẓahullāh- said:  "[There occurs] in the ḥadīth: “Whosoever fasts the month of Ramaḍān, then follows it up by fasting six days in the month of Shawwāl, it will be as if he has fasted the whole year.”[1] Thus, whoever has yet to make up some of the missed fasts of Ramaḍān, has not yet truly fasted the [whole] month of Ramaḍān; and this is something very obvious ... So there is no fasting the six fasts (of Shawwāl), except after completing the missed fasts of Ramaḍān.” [2]


Al-Wahshiyyee Ibn Harb (raḍī Allāhu ʿʿʿanhu) related that some of the Companions of Allāh’s Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said, ‘O Messenger of Allāh! We eat, but we do not become satisfied.’ So he said to them: “Perhaps you eat separately?” So they replied: ‘Yes.’ So he said: “Eat your food collectively, mention the Name of Allāh upon it, then there will be blessings for you in it.” [3] Shaykh Ibn al-ʿUthaymīn said: “This indicates that it is essential to eat collectively from a single plate. So if there are five or ten people, they should eat collectively from a single dish, depending upon the situation. Indeed, doing so is a cause for barakah (blessings) to descend, whilst eating separately is a cause for barakah to depart.” [4]


Shaykh Ibn al-ʿUthaymīn - hafiẓahullāh- said:

“Hastening (to do good) is the opposite of being lazy and sluggish. So whenever a person is lazy and sluggish, then he will certainly miss out on a lot of good. This is why the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said: “The strong Believer is better and more beloved to Allāh that a weak Believer, yet in each of them there is good. So be eager in doing that which will benefit you, seek the help of Allāh. and do not be lazy.” [5] ... Sometimes, due to a person’s laziness in doing good actions, he ends up not doing the good; either because death overtakes him, or he is struck with some illness (which incapacitates him) or the opportunity just passes him by. The Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said about this: “When anyone of you intends to perform the Ḥajj(Pilgrimage), then let him hasten in doing so; for perhaps he may later be struck with an illness, or he may lose his riding beast, or he may be diverted by some other need.” [6] Thus, there are many reasons which may prevent a person from doing good, so one must hasten in doing good and not be lazy.”[7]


[1] Related by Muslim (no. 1164), from Abū Ayyūb (raḍī Allāhu ʿʿʿanhu)

[2] Sharḥul-Mumti’ ʿalá Zaadul-Mustaqni’ (6/448--449)

[3] Ḥasan: Related by Abū Dāwūd (no. 3764). It was authenticated by al-Ḥāfiẓ al-’ʿIrāqee in his Takhreejul-Iḥyā‘ (no. 214).

[4] Sharḥ Rīyaḍus-al-Ṣāliḥīn (7/231) of Ibn al-ʿUthaymīn

[5] Related by Muslim (no. 2664)

[6] Ḥasan: Related by Ibn Mājah (no. 2883). It was authenticated by al-Albānī in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ(no. 6004).

[7] Sharḥ Rīyaḍus-al-Ṣāliḥīn (3/7-8), slightly abridged

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