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Shaykh Muḥammad ibn al-ʿUthaymīn and other ʿUlamāʾ discuss: Should the missed fasts of Ramaḍān be made up before the fasts of Shawwāl? Eating collectively and racing to do good.

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  Hastening (to do good) is the opposite of being lazy and sluggish. So whenever a person is lazy and sluggish, then he will certainly miss out on a lot of good.

 

SHOULD THE MISSED FASTS OF RAMAḌĀN BE MADE UP BEFORE THE FASTS OF SHAWWĀL?

Shaykh Muḥammad Ibn Ṣāliḥ al-’Uthaymīn - hafiẓahullāh- said:  "[There occurs] in the ḥadīth: “Whosoever fasts the month of Ramaḍān, then follows it up by fasting six days in the month of Shawwāl, it will be as if he has fasted the whole year.”[1] Thus, whoever has yet to make up some of the missed fasts of Ramaḍān, has not yet truly fasted the [whole] month of Ramaḍān; and this is something very obvious ... So there is no fasting the six fasts (of Shawwāl), except after completing the missed fasts of Ramaḍān.” [2]

EATING COLLECTIVELY:

Al-Wahshiyyee Ibn Harb (raḍī Allāhu ʿʿʿanhu) related that some of the Companions of Allāh’s Messenger (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said, ‘O Messenger of Allāh! We eat, but we do not become satisfied.’ So he said to them: “Perhaps you eat separately?” So they replied: ‘Yes.’ So he said: “Eat your food collectively, mention the Name of Allāh upon it, then there will be blessings for you in it.” [3] Shaykh Ibn al-ʿUthaymīn said: “This indicates that it is essential to eat collectively from a single plate. So if there are five or ten people, they should eat collectively from a single dish, depending upon the situation. Indeed, doing so is a cause for barakah (blessings) to descend, whilst eating separately is a cause for barakah to depart.” [4]

RACING TO DO GOOD:

Shaykh Ibn al-ʿUthaymīn - hafiẓahullāh- said:

“Hastening (to do good) is the opposite of being lazy and sluggish. So whenever a person is lazy and sluggish, then he will certainly miss out on a lot of good. This is why the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said: “The strong Believer is better and more beloved to Allāh that a weak Believer, yet in each of them there is good. So be eager in doing that which will benefit you, seek the help of Allāh. and do not be lazy.” [5] ... Sometimes, due to a person’s laziness in doing good actions, he ends up not doing the good; either because death overtakes him, or he is struck with some illness (which incapacitates him) or the opportunity just passes him by. The Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said about this: “When anyone of you intends to perform the Ḥajj(Pilgrimage), then let him hasten in doing so; for perhaps he may later be struck with an illness, or he may lose his riding beast, or he may be diverted by some other need.” [6] Thus, there are many reasons which may prevent a person from doing good, so one must hasten in doing good and not be lazy.”[7]

Endnotes:

[1] Related by Muslim (no. 1164), from Abū Ayyūb (raḍī Allāhu ʿʿʿanhu)

[2] Sharḥul-Mumti’ ʿalá Zaadul-Mustaqni’ (6/448--449)

[3] Ḥasan: Related by Abū Dāwūd (no. 3764). It was authenticated by al-Ḥāfiẓ al-’ʿIrāqee in his Takhreejul-Iḥyā‘ (no. 214).

[4] Sharḥ Rīyaḍus-al-Ṣāliḥīn (7/231) of Ibn al-ʿUthaymīn

[5] Related by Muslim (no. 2664)

[6] Ḥasan: Related by Ibn Mājah (no. 2883). It was authenticated by al-Albānī in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ(no. 6004).

[7] Sharḥ Rīyaḍus-al-Ṣāliḥīn (3/7-8), slightly abridged

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