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Some Miscellaneous Authentic Aḥādīth on Women Travelling

   

A selection of authentic aḥādīth concerning the issue of whether or not women are to travel without a maḥram (a man whom she is forbidden to marry)

bismallah

  

  Release yourself so that you may perform Ḥajj with your woman.
Prophet Muḥammad (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam)

 

[1] "Do not permit your women to travel, except that she has with her a maḥram (Dhoo maḥram)." [Reported by Abū Hurayrah] [Related by Muslim]

Shaykh al-Albānī declares it authentic in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ (no. 7646).


[2] From Ibn ʿAbbās (raḍī Allāhu ’ánhu) who said, "I heard the Messenger of Allāh(ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) deliver a sermon saying, 'Do not leave a man alone with a woman, except that there is with her a maḥram (Dhoo Mahram), and do not let a woman travel except that she has with her a maḥram (Dhee Mahram).' So a man stood up and said, 'O Messenger of Allāh (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam)! Verily my woman has left for Ḥajj (pilgrimage), and verily I am enrolled in a battalion in the battle of such and such'. He (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) said, 'Release yourself so that you may perform Ḥajj with your woman.'"

[Related by Muslim (4/104)] [Mukhtasar Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim of Shaykh al-Albānī (no. 647)]


NOTE: 
The statement "I am enrolled (aktutibtu) in a battalion." Shaykh al-Albānī says about it, "It means 'My name has been affirmed among those who will leave for it.'"


The statement "I am enrolled (aktutibtu) in a battalion." Shaykh al-Albānī says about it, "It means 'My name has been affirmed among those who will leave for it.'"


As for the term 'Dhoo Mahram' there is some disagreement about exactly what it means, as for the basic definition, Shaykh Safiyyur-Raḥmān al-Mubārakfūrī says, "Dhoo Mahram: with a fathah on the mīm, and a  between them, and an inactive Ḥā. He is from those who are close to the woman, from those who are not permissible for her in marriage, such as her father, and her son, and her brother. [Ithaaful-Karaam Ta’leeq ʿalá Bulūgh al-Marām (p. 200)]


An in-depth discussion of the term (Dhoo Mahram) will soon be available in the English translation of Shaykh Muḥammad Mūsá Naṣr's book on the subject of women travelling. Ja’d is still doing some research on it presently.


[3] "Do not permit for your women who believe in Allāh and the Last Day to travel a distance of three (days) except that she has with her a maḥram (Dhoo Mahram)."

[Reported from Ibn ʿUmar (raḍī Allāhu ʿʿʿanhu)] [Related by Muslim]

Shaykh al-Albānī declares it authentic in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ (no. 7561).


[4] "Do not permit for your women who believe in Allāh and the Last Day to travel on a journey being three days, or exceeding that, except that there is with her, her father, or her son, or her husband, or her brother, or that she has a maḥram from her (Dhoo Mahram)."

[Reported by Abī Saʿīd] [Related by Aḥmad, Muslim, Abū Dāwūd, Tirmidthī and Ibn Mājah]

Shaykh Al-Albānī includes it in Mukhtasar Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim (no. 645).

He declares it authentic in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ (no. 7650).


[5] From Abī Saʿīd, and verily he fought with the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) in twelve battles. He said, "Four, when I heard them, they amazed me, and delighted me: that no woman can travel the distance of two days without being accompanied by her husband, or having a maḥram." (Dhoo Mahram)...to the end of the ḥadīth.

[Related by al-Bukhārī, under the chapter title, The Ḥajj of Women]


[6] "Do not permit for your women who believe in Allāh and the Last Day to the distance of a day, and a night, except that there is with her a maḥram. (Dhee Mahram)

[Reported by Abī Hurayrah] [Aḥmad, Bukhārī, Muslim, Abū Dāwūd and Tirmidthī]

Shaykh al-Albānī declares it authentic in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ (no. 7653).


[7] "Do not permit for your women who believe in Allāh, and the Last Day, to travel a distance of a day, except that there is with her a maḥram."

[Reported by Abī Hurayrah] [Aḥmad, Muslim, Abū Dāwūd, Ibn Mājah]

Shaykh al-Albānī mentions it in Mukhtasar Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim (no. 646).

He makes authenticates it in Irwāʾ al-Ghalīl (no. 567).

He declares it authentic in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ (no. 7651).

So this is what I was able to come up with, and I hope that it will suffice as a reply to your enquiry about aḥādīth on women travelling.


 Prepared by Maaz Qureshi

 

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