A question was posed to Imām al-Nawawī mentioning: “Will anyone die in Hell? Is there any ṣaḥīḥ ḥadīth to that effect or not? If it is true, then what is the nature of this death, and to whom will it happen?”
As for the people of Hell, they are its inhabitants, and they neither live therein nor die. But there are people who will enter Hell because of their sins – or mistakes – so Allāh will cause them to die once, then when they become like coal, He will give permission for intercession (for them).
It was reported in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim that Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī (may Allāh be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allāh (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: ‘As for the people of Hell, they are its inhabitants, and they neither live therein nor die. But there are people who will enter Hell because of their sins – or mistakes – so Allāh will cause them to die once, then when they become like coal, He will give permission for intercession (for them). They will be brought group by group to the rivers of Paradise. Then it will be said: “O people of Paradise! Pour water on them.” Then they will grow like seeds (i.e., the seeds of herbs and aromatic plants, or it was said, small plants that grow in between grasses, or it may mean wheat).’”
The scholars said: “What is meant by the people of Hell are its kāfir inhabitants, who will never come out of it and never die at all.
Allāh says (interpretation of the meaning):
وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَهُمْ نَارُ جَهَنَّمَ لَا يُقْضَىٰ عَلَيْهِمْ فَيَمُوتُوا وَلَا يُخَفَّفُ عَنْهُم مِّنْ عَذَابِهَا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي كُلَّ كَفُورٍ ﴿٣٦﴾
“But those who disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allāh), for them will be the Fire of Hell. Neither will it have a complete killing effect on them so that they die, nor shall its torment be lightened for them. Thus do We requite every disbeliever!”
As for the sinners among those who believe in the Oneness of Allāh, those who have committed major sins (kabāʾir), they will be punished in accordance with the degree of their sins for a period decreed by Allāh, then they will die a lesser death such that they no longer feel anything, for a period decreed by Allāh. Then they will be brought out dead, turned into coals and carried like luggage, and they will be thrown into the rivers of Paradise and the water of life will be poured over them. Then they will grow, like wheat at first, but quickly, like herbs. Then they will get stronger and be fully formed, and will be taken to their homes in Paradise. And Allāh knows best.1
- [From Fatawá al-Imām an-Nawawī, (p. 84)]