The Islamic World: The Obligation upon the Rulers, the Scholars and the General Masses

Imām ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz

A series of questions and answers concerning the obligations of the scholars, rulers, and common-folk, and an explanation of our position towards of the non-Muslims who attempt to enter into the Muslim lands.
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The answer was then followed up by another question, reading the following: The enemies of Allāh are very eager to enter into the Muslim lands by various methods. So what efforts do you believe should be exerted in order to put a stop to this surge that has threatened the Islamic societies?

Answer:

This is not something strange coming from the callers to Christianity, Judaism, or other religions of kufr (disbelief). Since Allāh, the Most Perfect – and to Him belongs all praise – has informed about this in His clear Revelation, when He said:

وَلَن تَرْضَىٰ عَنكَ الْيَهُودُ وَلَا النَّصَارَىٰ حَتَّىٰ تَتَّبِعَ مِلَّتَهُمْ ۗ قُلْ إِنَّ هُدَى اللَّهِ هُوَ الْهُدَىٰ ۗ وَلَئِنِ اتَّبَعْتَ أَهْوَاءَهُم بَعْدَ الَّذِي جَاءَكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ ۙ مَا لَكَ مِنَ اللَّهِ مِن وَلِيٍّ وَلَا نَصِيرٍ ‎﴿١٢٠﴾

“Never will the Jews and the Christians be pleased with you until you follow their ways of life. Say: Indeed the Guidance of Allāh, that is the only true guidance. And if you were to follow their false desires after what you have received of the knowledge of Revelation, then you would have neither a guardian, nor any helper against Allāh.”
[al-Baqarah, 2:120]

Allāh – the Most Perfect – also said:

وَلَا يَزَالُونَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَرُدُّوكُمْ عَن دِينِكُمْ إِنِ اسْتَطَاعُوا ‎﴿٢١٧﴾

“And they will never stop fighting you, until they turn you away from your Religion, if they can.”
[al-Baqarah, 2:217]

This is why they utilize every possible means to penetrate into the Muslim lands, and use various methods and tactics to achieve this. One of their methods is to plant the seeds of doubt and uncertainty into the minds and thoughts – and they continue to do so without easing up, nor becoming weary – utilizing the church to spread their hatred and enmity, and directing their efforts through it.

Therefore, it is obligatory upon the leaders and scholars to exert every possible effort in cautioning and directing the Muslim children, and to oppose the efforts of the enemies of Islām with countermeasures. For indeed the Ummah of Islām is an Ummah that has been entrusted with a responsibility of carrying this Religion and conveying it to others. So when we – in the Islamic societies – are determined to arm our sons and daughters with correct knowledge, and true understanding of the Religion; beginning this process at an early age, then we will never fear the enemy – by the permission of Allāh. Thus, as long as we continue to cling to the Religion of Allāh, glorifying and venerating Him, following His Sharīʿah (prescribed laws), and fighting those who oppose Him, then the opposite will happen; it will be the enemies of Allāh who will fear the Muslims. Allāh – the Most Perfect, the One to Whom belongs all praise – said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِن تَنصُرُوا اللَّهَ يَنصُرْكُمْ وَيُثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَكُمْ ‎﴿٧﴾

“O you who believe! If you help Allāh by acting upon what you have been commanded with, then Allāh will plant your feet firmly by giving you victory over your enemies.”
[Muḥammad 47:7]

Allāh – the Mighty and Majestic – also said:

وَإِن تَصْبِرُوا وَتَتَّقُوا لَا يَضُرُّكُمْ كَيْدُهُمْ شَيْئًا ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ مُحِيطٌ ‎﴿١٢٠﴾

“But if you have ṣabr (patient perseverance) and have taqwá (piety) only doing what Allāh orders and refraining from what He has prohibited, then no harm will their cunning plots be to you at all. Indeed Allāh encompasses everything by His Knowledge.”
[Ālī ʿImrān, 3:120]

And there are plenty of other āyāt with a similar meaning. So the most important factor in stopping this attack is to prepare a generation that truly knows and understands the realities of Islām. This can be achieved by giving them the correct guidance and cultivation at home, and by utilizing the various means of education in order to help the society. Add to this the role of guiding, which is the duty of those in authority, and their duty of being constant in doing beneficial acts, being constant in reminding the people with what is of benefit to them, and doing that which cultivates the correct Islamic ʿaqīdah (belief) in the people:

أَلَا بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ ‎﴿٢٨﴾‏

“Indeed in the remembrance of Allāh do the hearts truly find tranquility.”
[Raʿd, 13:28]

And there is no doubt that negligence is one of the causes that lets the enemies of Islām into the Muslim lands – along with their ideological attack – which gradually distances the Muslims from their Religion, step by step. So with this, evil will increase amongst them and they will be affected by the false ideologies of their enemies. And Allāh – the One free from all defects, the Most High – ordered the Believers to have ṣabr (patience), to call to patience, and to strive in His Path using every method at their disposal; as He – the Most Majestic, Most High – said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اصْبِرُوا وَصَابِرُوا وَرَابِطُوا وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ ‎﴿٢٠٠﴾‏

“O you who Believe! Persevere and be more patient, and guard your territory by stationing army units permanently at the places from where the enemy can attack you, and have taqwá of Allāh (by doing what He orders and keeping away from what He prohibits) in order that you may be successful.”
[Ālī ʿImrān, 3:200]

And Allāh – the Most Perfect – said:

وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا ۚ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَعَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ ‎﴿٦٩﴾‏

“And those who strive hard in our cause, we shall surely guide them to Our avenues. Indeed Allāh is with the doers of good.”
[al-ʿAnkabūt, 29:69]

I ask Allāh by His Beautiful Names and Lofty Attributes that He improves and corrects the affairs of the Muslims, and that He grants to them the understanding of the Religion, gathers the word of their leaders upon the truth, and improves and corrects their close advisors. Indeed, He is the Most Kind, Most Generous. And may Allāh extol and send abundant blessings of peace upon our Leader and our Prophet, Muḥammad, and upon his Family, his Companions, and his true followers.

Endnotes:

  1. Majmūʿ al-Fatāwá wa Maqālāt al-Mutanawwiʿah (4/134-139)
  2. Related by al-Bukhārī (13/100) and Muslim (no. 1829), from ʿUmar (raḍī Allāhu ʿanhu)
  3. Related by al-Tirmidhī (no. 2168), who authenticated it. The ḥadīth was related from Abū Bakr as-Siddīq (raḍī Allāhu ʿanhu).
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Published: June 11, 2007
Edited: January 6, 2022

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