The Prohibition on Abbreviating the Ṣalāh and Salāms upon the Prophet (ﷺ)

Shaykh Mūsá Richardson

An important clarification on abbreviating the ṣalāh and the salāms upon the beloved Prophet, ṣallallahu ʿalayhi wa-sallam and the impermissibility of it. A compilation of statements from the scholars of the past and present on this erroneous action.
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The author, Shaykh Zakarīyyah al-Anṣārī, then mentioned that Imām al-Nawawī related that there is consensus among those who are relied upon that it is legislated to send ṣalāh upon the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) in speech as well as writing. So therefore, it not from the Sunnah to use symbols or abbreviations in place of it.

Shaykh Mūsá Richardson

[1] Sending ṣalāh on the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam) means that one invokes Allāh to praise him and mention his high status to the angels. See Jalāl al-Afhām (p.253) of Ibn Al-Qayyim, Fat′h al-Bārī (11/179-197) of Ibn Hajr, or Ibn Kathīr’s tafsīr to verse 33:56.

[2] Salām: Security

[3] the meaning of Sūrah al-Aḥzāb (33):56

[4] an authentic ḥadīth collected by Ibn Hibbān in his Ṣaḥīḥ (#906, 3/187) on the authority of Abū Hurayrah (may Allāh be pleased with him). al-Albānī declared it to be ṣaḥīḥ in Silsilat al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah (#3359, 7/1080).

[5] from a ḥasan ḥadīth collected by Ibn Abī al-Dunyā in Al-Ṣalāh ʿalá al-Nabī (p.30-31) on the authority of Abū Tharr (may Allāh be pleased with him). Ḥamdī al-Salafī called it ḥasan in his checking of the book.

[6] from an authentic ḥadīth collected by al-Tabarānī in al-Muʿjam Al-Kabeer on the authority of Jābir ibn Samurah (may Allāh be pleased with him). al-Albānī authenticated it in his checking of al-Mundhirī’s al-Targhīb wa-al-Tarḥīb (#1677,2/298).

[7] Mu’jam al-Manāhī al-Laf‘thiyyah (p.188)

[8] Mu’jam al-Manāhī al-Laf‘thiyyah (p.188-189)

[9] Al-Fatāwá al-Ḥadīthiyyah (p.168)

[10] from his book As-Ṣalātu wa-al-Bushr, as quoted in Mu’jam al-Manāhī al-Laf‘thiyyah (p.351)

[11] the Musnad of Imām Aḥmad (#5088, 9/105)

[12] from a handwritten answer given to me by the shaykh (I have it on file #AAWA004 dated 1423/6/24)

Original Source: Writing S.A.W. for “sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam”

Compiled and translated by Shaykh Mūsá Richardson

Published: January 14, 2010
Edited: December 31, 2022

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