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The Ṣaḥābah Never Differed in the Names and Attributes of Allāh

Imām Ibn al-Qayyim

Clarifying the methodology of the Salaf, from the first of them to the last, when it comes to the names and attributes of Allāh.

Imām Ibn al-Qayyim [d. 751 AH] said:

[The Ṣaḥābah], all praise and thanks to Allāh, never differed with one another in even a single issue pertaining to the names, attributes, or actions [of Allāh]. Nay, they confirm all that is in the Book [of Allāh] and the Sunnah with a completely united front. From the first of them to the last. They never denigrated it with an interpretation [from themselves], neither did they ever distort [passages] beyond their [proper] usages with the goal of changing its contents. They did not come out falsifying a single word from it, nor did they take those passages as holding similarity [to the creation], and they never attempted to ignore its beginnings or endings.

No one from among them ever said: These passages need to be twisted from their understood meanings, and we need to interpret them metaphorically. Rather, their attitude concerning this was always acceptance and submission.

Imām Ibn al-Qayyim

They met it with complete īmān and glorification [of Allāh]. They took but a single way and one practice in this matter, and never engaged in what the people of desires and innovation have engaged in wherein they have turned [this subject] into parts, some of which they believe in, and others that they veer away from in objection without any clear distinction between the two. [Even though] the obligation to confirm that which they have rejected is just as obligatory as their confirmation of what they have chosen to believe in.

Source: Iʿlām al-Muwaqqiʿīn: 91
Translated by: Riyāḍ al-Kanadī

Published: August 10, 2022
Edited: September 8, 2022


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