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Who Is Jibrāʾīl?

Al-ʿAllāmah Ṣālīḥ ibn al-Fawzān

A brief introduction to Jibrāʾīl — the best of Angels — through two Quranic verses.

[Q]: Who is Jibrāʾīl (Gabriel)?

[A]: Do you not know who Jibrāʾīl (Gabriel) is? Jibrāʾīl is the best of the Angels, the trustworthy one who was entrusted by Allāh with the revelation.

نَزَلَ بِهِ الرُّوحُ الْأَمِينُ

Which the trustworthy Ruḥ [Jibrāʾīl] has brought down
[Sūrah al-Shuʿarāʾ, 26:193]

This means that the Qurʾān was sent down by the trustworthy spirit, who is Jibrāʾīl (عليه السلام)

عَلَىٰ قَلْبِكَ

Upon your heart (O Muḥammad)
[Sūrah al-Shuʿarāʾ, 26:194]

Meaning upon the heart of the Messenger(صلى الله عليه وسلم), so he is the trustworthy spirit (عليه السلام) and the chief of Angels.

Source: Shaykh Fawzān’s website.
Translated by: Munīb al-Ṣumālī.

Published: July 31, 2023
Edited: July 31, 2023

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Muhammad Ali

The Shaykh’s answer, حفظه الله, also brings to mind the verses in Sūrah Al-Baqarah:

قُلْ مَن كَانَ عَدُوًّا لِّجِبْرِيلَ فَإِنَّهُۥ نَزَّلَهُۥ عَلَىٰ قَلْبِكَ بِإِذْنِ ٱللَّهِ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَهُدًى وَبُشْرَىٰ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ (٩٧)

مَن كَانَ عَدُوًّا لِّلَّهِ وَمَلَٰٓئِكَتِهِۦ وَرُسُلِهِۦ وَجِبْرِيلَ وَمِيكَىٰلَ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَدُوٌّ لِّلْكَٰفِرِينَ (٩٨)

Last edited 6 months ago by Muhammad Ali