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Sep 9, 2023
Ḥumayd ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān said: I heard Muʿawiyah (رضي الله عنه), while delivering the khuṭbah, say: I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) say: “Whomever Allāh desires to be a means of goodness, He gives him understanding of this dīn…”1 Shaykh ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-ʿAbbād comments: The Madh`hab of Ahl al-Sunnah wa-al-Jamāʿah Regarding the Names and Attributes of Allāh This ḥadīth confirms what many verses and a plethora of other aḥadīth signify that wanting is from among the characteristics of Allāh. As is well known, the madh`hab of Ahl al-Sunnah wa-al-Jamāʿah with regards to the Names and…

Sep 9, 2023
It is not obligatory upon the traveller to call the adhān or the iqāmah at the time for prayer, but it is considered recommended according to the Ḥanbalī madh`hab. However, there is no evidence to support this stance. Rather, there is evidence that opposes this opinion. Considering this, the adhān and the iqāmah are considered obligatory upon both the resident and the traveller. The evidence of this is that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said to Mālik ibn Ḥuwayrith (رضي الله عنه) and his companions: “If the time for ṣalāh arrives, then let one of you call the adhān.”1 At the time, they w…

Sep 9, 2023
If the adhān is called by a child who has the ability to discern, it is considered valid. The discerning child is one that is between the age of seven and puberty. He is termed discerning because he has the ability to understand speech addressed to him, and to answer accordingly. Some scholars also say: The discerning child should not be identified by age but by the presence of this characteristic. As for those who identify discernment by age, they support their view with the saying of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم): “Command your children with prayer by completion of the age of seven, a…

Sep 9, 2023
If the Selected Muʾadhin Is Present If two people volunteer to call the adhān, we should choose the best of them for it. This issue is applicable to any masjid in which there is no pre-specified person who regularly calls the adhān. If there is already a specified muʾadhin (i.e. as selected by the Imām or the masjid authority), then the matter of calling the adhān should remain as it is, due to the saying of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم): “A man shall not say ‘āmīn’ for another while in his jurisdiction [i.e., the jurisdiction of the one saying āmīn’].”1 Thus, similarly we can say: A muʾ…

Sep 9, 2023
If the adhān is called as a chant, that is, made to be melodious to where it is called with a melody, stretching its letters like that of a song, this is permissible although it is disliked. There is a difference of opinion in this issue. Among the scholars are those who say: The adhān of the one who calls it with intonation is invalid because calling the adhān is a form of worship, and this chanting transforms it to other than that, inclining it closer to that of a type of chant or song. If it is subsequently called with mispronunciations, contrary to the rules of the Arabic language, the…

Sep 9, 2023
The Length of the Iqāmah and Number of Sentences The iqāmah is eleven lines that are expressed in quick succession. That is, they are said quickly and not recited. الله أكبر – The takbīr (proclaiming Allāh’s greatness) is said twice, أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله – the tashahhud (testification of faith) for tawḥīd, أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله – and the testification that Muḥammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is the Messenger of Allāh, are said once each, حي على الصلاة,حي على الفلاح – the hayʿalatān (invitation to ṣalāh and success) are each said once as well, قد قامت الصلاة – (proclaiming that ṣal…

Sep 9, 2023
Maintaining a State of Purity The muʾadhin should be in a state of purity when performing the call. That is, pure from both major and minor forms of impurity for such is the sunnah. However, the jurists (رحمهم الله) say: It is disliked for a person in a state of major impurity to perform the adhān, but it is not disliked for a person in a state of minor impurity to call it. This will be the case as long as the minaret from which the adhān is called is not within the confines of the masjid. If the minaret is within the confines of the masjid, it is considered ḥarām upon the one in a state of…

Sep 9, 2023
Calling the adhān and the iqāmah is obligatory for all five prayers, whether they are performed at their proper times or afterwards. The evidence of this is that when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and his companions missed Ṣalāh al-Fajr due to sleep and did not awaken until after sunrise, he still ordered Bilāl to call the adhān and the iqāmah.1 This proves that they are both obligatory. Also, the encompassing saying of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم): “If the time for ṣalāh arrives, then let one of you call the adhān.”2 This statement encompasses the beginning of its appointed time to …

Sep 8, 2023
Answered by: the Eminent Shaykh,ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz ibn Bāz. [Q]: The questioner asks concerning the language of the jinn, O Eminent Shaykh? [A]: That which is apparent is that they are like humans, in that they have various languages. Amongst them there are the English (jinn), amongst them there is the French, amongst them there is the American, and amongst them, there is the non-Arab and the Arab; (there are various) races. Because Allāh has said concerning them: وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنَّا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ ۖ كُنَّا طَرَائِقَ قِدَدًا ‎ “There are among us some that are righteous and s…